Livre Yuka – Sources

Ci-dessous la liste des études et références sur lesquelles est basé le livre Yuka « Le guide de l’alimentation saine. »

Les glucides

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International tables of glycemic index and glycemic load values: 2008. Diabetes Care. 2008;31(12):2281–2283.

Adedayo BC, Adebayo AA, Nwanna EE, Oboh G. Effect of cooking on glycemic index, antioxidant activities, α-amylase, and α-glucosidase inhibitory properties of two rice varieties. Food Sci Nutr. 2018;6(8):2301–2307. Published 2018 Oct 11.

Wolever TM. Effect of macronutrients on the glycemic index. Am J Clin Nutr. 2017;106(2):704–705.

Breymeyer KL, Lampe JW, McGregor BA, Neuhouser ML. Subjective mood and energy levels of healthy weight and overweight/obese healthy adults on high-and low-glycemic load experimental diets. Appetite. 2016;107:253–259.

Cui H, Yang Y, Bian L, He M. [Effect of food composition of mixed food on glycemic index]. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu. 1999 Nov;28(6):356-8. Chinese. PubMed PMID: 12016989.

Haghighatdoost F, Azadbakht L, Keshteli AH, Feinle-Bisset C, Daghaghzadeh H, Afshar H, Feizi A, Esmaillzadeh A, Adibi P. Glycemic index, glycemic load, and common psychological disorders. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016 Jan;103(1):201-9.

Radulian G, Rusu E, Dragomir A, Posea M. Metabolic effects of low glycaemic index diets. Nutr J. 2009;8:5. Published 2009 Jan 29.

Brand-Miller JC, Holt SH, Pawlak DB, McMillan J. Glycemic index and obesity. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002 Jul;76(1):281S-5S. Review. PubMed PMID: 12081852.

Rouhani MH, Kelishadi R, Hashemipour M, Esmaillzadeh A, Azadbakht L. The effect of low glycemic index diet on body weight status and blood pressure in overweight adolescent girls: a randomized clinical trial. Nutr Res Pract. 2013;7(5):385–392.

Zafar MI, Mills KE, Zheng J, Peng MM, Ye X, Chen LL. Low glycaemic index diets as an intervention for obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Obes Rev. 2019 Feb;20(2):290-315.

Bell SJ, Sears B. Low-glycemic-load diets: impact on obesity and chronic diseases. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2003;43(4):357-77. Review.

Vega-López S, Venn BJ, Slavin JL. Relevance of the Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load for Body Weight, Diabetes, and Cardiovascular Disease. Nutrients. 2018;10(10):1361. Published 2018 Sep 22.

Vega-López S, Mayol-Kreiser SN. Use of the glycemic index for weight loss and glycemic control: a review of recent evidence. Curr Diab Rep. 2009 Oct;9(5):379-88. Review.

https://www.ameli.fr/assure/sante/themes/diabete-comprendre/definition

Eleazu CO. The concept of low glycemic index and glycemic load foods as panacea for type 2 diabetes mellitus; prospects, challenges and solutions. Afr Health Sci. 2016;16(2):468–479.

Sacks FM, Carey VJ, Anderson CA, et al. Effects of high vs low glycemic index of dietary carbohydrate on cardiovascular disease risk factors and insulin sensitivity: the OmniCarb randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2014;312(23):2531–2541.

Willett W, Manson J, Liu S. Glycemic index, glycemic load, and risk of type 2 diabetes. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002 Jul;76(1):274S-80S. Review.

Bhupathiraju SN, Tobias DK, Malik VS, et al. Glycemic index, glycemic load, and risk of type 2 diabetes: results from 3 large US cohorts and an updated meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014;100(1):218–232.

Ojo O, Ojo OO, Adebowale F, Wang XH. The Effect of Dietary Glycaemic Index on Glycaemia in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Nutrients. 2018;10(3):373. Published 2018 Mar 19.

Les protéines

OMS : https://www.who.int/features/qa/cancer-red-meat/fr/

Diallo A, Deschasaux M, Latino-Martel P, Hercberg S, Galan P, Fassier P, Allès B, Guéraud F, Pierre FH, Touvier M. Red and processed meat intake and cancer risk: Results from the prospective NutriNet-Santé cohort study. Int J Cancer. 2018 Jan 15;142(2):230-237.

Crowe FL, Appleby PN, Travis RC, Key TJ. Risk of hospitalization or death from ischemic heart disease among British vegetarians and nonvegetarians: results from the EPIC-Oxford cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013 Mar;97(3):597-603.

WHO, 2007, Protein and amino acid requirements in human nutrition: report of a joint FAO/WHO/UNU expert consultation, World Health Organisation, technical report series, no. 935

Davey GK et al. EPIC-Oxford: lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes in a cohort of 33 883 meat-eaters and 31 546 non meat-eaters in the UK. Public Health Nutr. 2003 May;6(3):259-69.

Les lipides

Siri-Tarino, P. W., Sun, Q., Hu, F. B., & Krauss, R. M. (2010). Saturated fat, carbohydrate, and cardiovascular disease. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 91(3), 502-509.

DiNicolantonio JJ, Lucan SC, O’Keefe JH. The Evidence for Saturated Fat and for Sugar Related to Coronary Heart Disease. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2016 Mar-Apr;58(5):464-72. doi: 10.1016/j.pcad.2015.11.006. Epub 2015 Nov 14. Review.

Swanson D, Block R, Mousa SA. Omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA: health benefits
throughout life. Adv Nutr. 2012 Jan;3(1):1-7. doi: 10.3945/an.111.000893. Epub
2012 Jan 5. Review.

Nichols PD, McManus A, Krail K, Sinclair AJ, Miller M. Recent advances in omega-3: Health Benefits, Sources, Products and Bioavailability. Nutrients. 2014;6(9):3727–3733. Published 2014 Sep 16.

Patterson E, Wall R, Fitzgerald GF, Ross RP, Stanton C. Health implications of
high dietary omega-6 polyunsaturated Fatty acids. J Nutr Metab. 2012;2012:539426.
doi: 10.1155/2012/539426. Epub 2012 Apr 5.

Innes JK, Calder PC. Omega-6 fatty acids and inflammation. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2018 May;132:41-48. doi: 10.1016/j.plefa.2018.03.004. Epub 2018 Mar 22. Review.

Étude individuelle nationale des consommations alimentaires 3 (INCA 3) – Avis de l’Anses – Rapport d’expertise collective.

Simopoulos AP. The importance of the ratio of omega-6/omega-3 essential fatty
acids. Biomed Pharmacother. 2002 Oct;56(8):365-79. Review. PubMed PMID: 12442909.

Simopoulos AP. An Increase in the Omega-6/Omega-3 Fatty Acid Ratio Increases the Risk for Obesity. Nutrients. 2016;8(3):128. Published 2016 Mar 2.

DiNicolantonio JJ, O’Keefe JH. Importance of maintaining a low omega-6/omega-3 ratio for reducing inflammation. Open Heart. 2018;5(2):e000946. Published 2018 Nov 26.

de Lorgeril M, Salen P. New insights into the health effects of dietary saturated and omega-6 and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. BMC Med. 2012;10:50. Published 2012 May 21.

Bernard, Carole & Vanduffel, Steven & Ye, Jiang, 2019. « Optimal strategies under Omega ratio, » European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 275(2), pages 755-767.

Delgado GE, Krämer BK, Lorkowski S, März W, von Schacky C, Kleber ME. Individual omega-9 monounsaturated fatty acids and mortality-The Ludwigshafen Risk and Cardiovascular Health Study. J Clin Lipidol. 2017 Jan – Feb;11(1):126-135.e5.

Dhaka V, Gulia N, Ahlawat KS, Khatkar BS. Trans fats-sources, health risks and alternative approach – A review. J Food Sci Technol. 2011;48(5):534–541.

Iqbal MP. Trans fatty acids – A risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Pak J Med Sci. 2014;30(1):194–197.

Mozaffarian D, Aro A, Willett WC. Health effects of trans-fatty acids:
experimental and observational evidence. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2009 May;63 Suppl
2:S5-21.

Shah B, Thadani U. Trans fatty acids linked to myocardial infarction and stroke: What is the evidence? Trends Cardiovasc Med. 2019 Jul;29(5):306-310. doi: 10.1016/j.tcm.2018.09.011. Epub 2018 Sep 19. Review. PubMed PMID: 31130187.

Les fibres

Etude NutriNet-Sante : https://info.etude-nutrinet-sante.fr/protectednew/pdf/DOSSIER_PRESSE_Nutrinet-Sante_22_11_12.pdf

Feder D, Fonseca FLA. Chapter 2 – The Mechanism of Fiber Effects on Insulin Resistance. In: Samaan RA, ed. Dietary Fiber for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease. Academic Press; 2017:23-33.

Patel S. Anti-Obesity and Anti-Diabetes Foods: High Fibre Diets. In: Melton L, Shahidi F, Varelis P, eds. Encyclopedia of Food Chemistry. Oxford: Academic Press; 2019:248-252.

De Vadder F, Kovatcheva-Datchary P, Goncalves D, Vinera J, Zitoun C, Duchampt A, Bäckhed F, Mithieux G. Microbiota-generated metabolites promote metabolic benefits via gut-brain neural circuits. Cell. 2014 Jan 16;156(1-2):84-96.

Threapleton DE, Greenwood DC, Evans CE, Cleghorn CL, Nykjaer C, Woodhead C, Cade JE, Gale CP, Burley VJ. Dietary fibre intake and risk of cardiovascular disease: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ. 2013 Dec 19;347:f6879.

Imai S, Fukui M, Kajiyama S. Effect of eating vegetables before carbohydrates on glucose excursions in patients with type 2 diabetes. J Clin Biochem Nutr. 2014 Jan;54(1):7-11.

BROWNLEE, Iain A., CHATER, Peter I., PEARSON, Jeff P., et al. Dietary fibre and weight loss: Where are we now?. Food Hydrocolloids, 2017, vol. 68, p. 186-191.

Chandalia M, Garg A, Lutjohann D, von Bergmann K, Grundy SM, Brinkley LJ.
Beneficial effects of high dietary fiber intake in patients with type 2 diabetes
mellitus. N Engl J Med. 2000 May 11;342(19):1392-8.

Kim Y, Je Y. Dietary fibre intake and mortality from cardiovascular disease and all cancers: A meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Arch Cardiovasc Dis. 2016 Jan;109(1):39-54.

https://ciqual.anses.fr/

Les vitamines

Combs GF, McClung JP. Chapter 6 – Vitamin A. In: Combs GF, McClung JP, eds. The Vitamins (Fifth Edition). Academic Press; 2017:109-159.

ANSES. Avis ANSES – Actualisation des repères du PNNS : élaboration des références nutritionnelles. Décembre 2016.

Organization WH. Vitamin and Mineral Requirements in Human Nutrition. World Health Organization; 2005.

Hercberg S, Galan P, Preziosi P, et al. The SU.VI.MAX Study: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of the health effects of antioxidant vitamins and minerals. Arch Intern Med. 2004;164(21):2335-2342.

Shi J, Kakuda Y, Yeung D. Antioxidative properties of lycopene and other carotenoids from tomatoes: synergistic effects. Biofactors. 2004;21(1-4):203-210.

Douglas RM, Hemilä H, Chalker E, Treacy B. Vitamin C for preventing and treating the common cold. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007;(3):CD000980.

Manning J, Mitchell B, Appadurai DA, et al. Vitamin C promotes maturation of T-cells. Antioxid Redox Signal. 2013;19(17):2054-2067.

Vieth R. Vitamin D supplementation, 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations, and safety. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999;69(5):842-856.

Hewison M. Vitamin D and the immune system: new perspectives on an old theme. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2010;39(2):365-379, table of contents.

Bhan A, Rao AD, Rao DS. Osteomalacia as a result of vitamin D deficiency. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2010;39(2):321-331, table of contents.

Lee C-H, Chan RSM, Wan HYL, et al. Dietary Intake of Anti-Oxidant Vitamins A, C, and E Is Inversely Associated with Adverse Cardiovascular Outcomes in Chinese—A 22-Years Population-Based Prospective Study. Nutrients. 2018;10(11).

Sesso HD, Buring JE, Christen WG, et al. Vitamins E and C in the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Men: The Physicians’ Health Study II Randomized Trial. JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association. 2008;300(18):2123.

Jiang Q. Natural forms of vitamin E: metabolism, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities and the role in disease prevention and therapy. Free Radic Biol Med. 2014;72:76-90.

Ridker PM, Manson JE, Buring JE, Shih J, Matias M, Hennekens CH. Homocysteine and risk of cardiovascular disease among postmenopausal women. JAMA.

Zeng R, Xu C-H, Xu Y-N, Wang Y-L, Wang M. The effect of folate fortification on folic acid-based homocysteine-lowering intervention and stroke risk: a meta-analysis. Public Health Nutr.

Shen L. Associations between B Vitamins and Parkinson’s Disease. Nutrients. 2015;7(9):7197-7208.

Shirodaria Cheerag, Antoniades Charalambos, Lee Justin, et al. Global Improvement of Vascular Function and Redox State With Low-Dose Folic Acid. Circulation. 2007;115(17):2262-2270.

Kodentsova VM. [Gradation in the level of vitamin consumption: possible risk of excessive consumption]. Vopr Pitan. 2014;83(3):41-51.

Goodman GE, Thornquist MD, Balmes J, et al. The Beta-Carotene and Retinol Efficacy Trial: incidence of lung cancer and cardiovascular disease mortality during 6-year follow-up after stopping beta-carotene and retinol supplements. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2004;96(23):1743-1750.

Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention (ATBC) Study. https://atbcstudy.cancer.gov/. Accessed March 13, 2019.

Les antioxydants

Crinnion WJ. Organic foods contain higher levels of certain nutrients, lower levels of pesticides, and may provide health benefits for the consumer. Altern Med Rev. 2010 Apr;15(1):4-12. Review.

Barański M, Srednicka-Tober D, Volakakis N, Seal C, Sanderson R, Stewart GB, Benbrook C, Biavati B, Markellou E, Giotis C, Gromadzka-Ostrowska J, Rembiałkowska E, Skwarło-Sońta K, Tahvonen R, Janovská D, Niggli U, Nicot P, Leifert C. Higher antioxidant and lower cadmium concentrations and lower incidence of pesticide residues in organically grown crops: a systematic literature review and meta-analyses. Br J Nutr. 2014 Sep 14;112(5):794-811.

https://presse.inserm.fr/moins-de-cancers-chez-les-consommateurs-daliments-bio/32820/

Les minéraux

Hercberg S, Galan P, Preziosi P, Bertrais S, Mennen L, Malvy D, Roussel AM, Favier A, Briançon S. The SU.VI.MAX Study: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of the health effects of antioxidant vitamins and minerals. Arch Intern Med. 2004 Nov 22;164(21):2335-42. Erratum in: Arch Intern Med. 2005 Feb 14;165(3):286.

https://health.gov/dietaryguidelines/dga2005/document/html/AppendixB.htm#appB1.

Weaver CM, Proulx WR, Heaney R. Choices for achieving adequate dietary calcium with a vegetarian diet. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999 Sep;70(3 Suppl):543S-548S.

Les oligoéléments

Hurrell RF, Reddy M, Cook JD. Inhibition of non-haem iron absorption in man by polyphenolic-containing beverages. Br J Nutr. 1999 Apr;81(4):289-95.

Morck TA, Lynch SR, Cook JD. Inhibition of food iron absorption by coffee. Am J Clin Nutr. 1983 Mar;37(3):416-20.

Rayman MP. Food-chain selenium and human health: emphasis on intake. Br J Nutr. 2008 Aug;100(2):254-68.

Jugdaohsingh R, Anderson SH, Tucker KL, Elliott H, Kiel DP, Thompson RP,
Powell JJ. Dietary silicon intake and absorption. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002
May;75(5):887-93.

L’équilibre acido-basique

Houston MC, Harper KJ. Potassium, Magnesium, and Calcium: Their Role in Both the Cause and Treatment of Hypertension. The Journal of Clinical Hypertension. 2008;10(7):3-11.

Appel LJ, Moore TJ, Obarzanek E, et al. A clinical trial of the effects of dietary patterns on blood pressure. N Engl J Med. 1997; 336:1117-1124.

Bushinsky DA. Acid-base imbalance and the skeleton. Eur J Nutr. 2001 Oct;40(5):238-44

Cordain L, Eaton SB, Sebastian A, Mann N, Lindeberg S, Watkins BA, O’Keefe JH & Brand-Miller J. Origins and evolution of the Western diet: health implications for the 21st century. Am J Clin Nutr . 2005; 81: 341-354.Lin P. The DASH Diet and Sodium Reduction Improve Markers of Bone Turnover and Calcium Metabolism in Adults. J Nutr .2003 ; 133:3130-3136.

New SA, Robins SP, Campbell MK, Martin JC, Garton MJ, Bolton-Smith C, Grubb DA, Sue JL & Reid DM. Dietary influences on bone mass and bone metabolism : further evidence of a positive link between fruit and vegetable consumption and bone health ? Am J Clin Nutr. 2000; 71: 142-151.

New SA, Mc Donald HM, Grubb DA & Reid DM . Positive asso- ciation between net endogenous noncarbonic acid production (NEAP) and bone health: further support for the importance of the skeleton to acid-base balance. Bone. 2001; 28: S94.

Tucker KL, Hannan MT, Kiel DP. The acid-base hypothesis: diet and bone in the Framingham Osteoporosis Study. Eur J Nutr. 2001 Oct;40(5):231-7.

Décryptez les étiquettes

Directive 2003/89/CE du Parlement européen et du Conseil du 10 novembre 2003 modifiant la directive 2000/13/CE en ce qui concerne l’indication des ingrédients présents dans les denrées alimentaires (Texte présentant de l’intérêt pour l’EEE). Journal officiel n° L 308 du 25/11/2003 p. 0015 – 0018

Label Rouge : https://www.inao.gouv.fr/Les-signes-officiels-de-la-qualite-et-de-l-origine-SIQO/Label-Rouge#:~:text=%C3%80%20toutes%20les%20%C3%A9tapes%20de,officiel%20de%20la%20R%C3%A9publique%20fran%C3%A7aise.

IGP : https://www.inao.gouv.fr/Les-signes-officiels-de-la-qualite-et-de-l-origine-SIQO/Indication-geographique-protegee

STG : https://www.inao.gouv.fr/Les-signes-officiels-de-la-qualite-et-de-l-origine-SIQO/Specialite-traditionnelle-garantie-STG

Cahier des charges Bleu-Blanc-Coeur : https://www.bleu-blanc-coeur.org/files/DQ_07_H_du_04_04_2016_CDC_V7_Production_et_transformation_d_oeufs.pdf

Agriculture Biologique : https://www.inao.gouv.fr/Les-signes-officiels-de-la-qualite-et-de-l-origine-SIQO/Agriculture-Biologique

Cahier des charges Bio Cohérence : http://www.biocoherence.fr/bio-coherence/les-grands-principes/31-pour-des-pratiques-exigeantes-le-cahier-des-charges

Cahiers des charges Nature & Progrès : https://www.natureetprogres.org/les-cahiers-des-charges-2/

Cahiers des charges Demeter : https://www.demeter.fr/professionnels/cahiers-des-charges/

Elu Produit de l’Année : https://www.poyfrance.com/le-concept/la-methodologie/

Saveur de l’Année : https://www.saveurdelannee.com/ccm/methodo.php

Apprenez à traquer les additifs

E133

Efsa Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources added to Food (ANS). (2010). Scientific Opinion on the re‐evaluation of Brilliant Blue FCF (E 133) as a food additive. EFSA Journal, 8(11), 1853.

Borzelleca JF, Depukat K, Hallagan JB. Lifetime toxicity/carcinogenicity studies of FD & C Blue No. 1 (brilliant blue FCF) in rats and mice. Food Chem Toxicol. 1990 Apr;28(4):221-34.

Huybrechts, I., Sioen, I., Boonb, P. E., De Neve, M., Amiano, P., Arganini, C., … & Hirvonen, T. (2010). Long‐term dietary exposure to different food colours in young children living in different European countries. EFSA Supporting Publications, 7(5), 53E.

Jecfa, 2017. Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives Monography – BRILLIANT BLUE FCF

Arnold, L. E., Lofthouse, N., & Hurt, E. (2012). Artificial food colors and attention-deficit/hyperactivity symptoms: conclusions to dye for. Neurotherapeutics, 9(3), 599-609.

Kus, E., & Eroglu, H. E. (2015). Genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of sunset yellow and brilliant blue, colorant food additives, on human blood lymphocytes. Pakistan journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 28(1).

E150c et E150d

Efsa Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources added to Food (ANS), 2011. Scientific Opinion on the re‐evaluation of caramel colours (E 150 a, b, c, d) as food additives. EFSA Journal, 9(3), 2004.

Efsa, 2012. European Food Safety Authority. (2012). Refined exposure assessment for caramel colours (E 150a, c, d). EFSA Journal, 10(12), 3030.

CSPI, 2012. Center for Science in the Public Interest. Lab tests find Carcinogen in regular diet coke and pepsi (CSPI)

CSPI, 2011. Center for Science in the Public Interest. Petition to bar the use of caramel colorings produced with ammonia and containing certain carcinogens.

FDA, 2013. US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Questions and Answers on Caramel Coloring and 4-MEI

IARC, 2013. International Agency for Research on Cancer Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Some chemicals present in industrial and consumer products, food and drinking-water. IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans, 101, 9. No. 101.) 4-METHYLIMIDAZOLE.

OEHHA, 2019. State of california environmental protection agency office of environmental health hazard assessment. Chemicals known to the state to cause cancer or reproductive toxicity. June 28, 2019

NTP, 2007. National Toxicology Program. Toxicology and carcinogenesis studies of 4-methylimidazole (Cas No. 822-36-6) in F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice (feed studies). National Toxicology Program technical report series, (535), 1.

Huybrechts et al., 2010. Long‐term dietary exposure to different food colours in young children living in different European countries. EFSA Supporting Publications, 7(5), 53E.
https://efsa.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.2903/sp.efsa.2010.EN-53

Yu et al., 2010. Pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic modelling of 2-acetyl-4 (5)-tetrahydroxybutyl imidazole-induced peripheral lymphocyte sequestration through increasing lymphoid sphingosine 1-phosphate. Xenobiotica, 40(5), 350-356.

Jacobson, M. F. (2012). Carcinogenicity and regulation of caramel colorings. International journal of occupational and environmental health, 18(3), 254-259.

Haeberle, M., Geier, J., & Mahler, V. (2017). Contact allergy and intolerance to sulphite compounds: clinical and occupational relevance. Allergo Journal International, 26(2), 53-66.

E171

Anses (2019), Avis de l’Agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire de l’alimentation, de l’environnement et du travail relatif aux risques liés à l’ingestion de l’additif alimentaire E171.

Anses (2017), Avis de l’Agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire de l’alimentation, de l’environnement et du travail relatif à une demande d’avis relatif à l’exposition alimentaire aux nanoparticules de dioxyde de titane.

Agents Classified by the IARC Monographs, Volumes 1–123
https://monographs.iarc.fr/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/ClassificationsAlphaOrder.pdf

Titanium dioxide proposed to be classified as suspected of causing cancer when inhaled, ECHA, 2017
https://echa.europa.eu/fr/-/titanium-dioxide-proposed-to-be-classified-as-suspected-of-causing-cancer-when-inhaled

Trouiller B, Reliene R, Westbrook A, Solaimani P, Schiestl RH. Titanium dioxide nanoparticles induce DNA damage and genetic instability in vivo in mice. Cancer Res. 2009 Nov 15;69(22):8784-9.

Bettini, S., Boutet-Robinet, E., Cartier, C., Coméra, C., Gaultier, E., Dupuy, J., … & Thieriet, N. (2017). Food-grade TiO 2 impairs intestinal and systemic immune homeostasis, initiates preneoplastic lesions and promotes aberrant crypt development in the rat colon. Scientific Reports, 7, 40373.

Hu H, Guo Q, Wang C, Ma X, He H, Oh Y, Feng Y, Wu Q, Gu N. Titanium dioxide nanoparticles increase plasma glucose via reactive oxygen species-induced insulin resistance in mice. J Appl Toxicol. 2015 Oct;35(10):1122-32.

Guo Z, Martucci NJ, Moreno-Olivas F, Tako E, Mahler GJ. Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticle Ingestion Alters Nutrient Absorption in an In Vitro Model of the Small Intestine. NanoImpact. 2017 Jan;5:70-82.

E202

Efsa Panel on Food Additives and Flavourings (FAF), Younes, M., Aquilina, G., Castle, L., Engel, K. H., Fowler, P., … & Husøy, T. (2019). Opinion on the follow‐up of the re‐evaluation of sorbic acid (E200) and potassium sorbate (E202) as food additives. EFSA Journal, 17(3), e05625.

Efsa Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources added to Food (ANS). (2015). Scientific Opinion on the re‐evaluation of sorbic acid (E 200), potassium sorbate (E 202) and calcium sorbate (E 203) as food additives. EFSA Journal, 13(6), 4144.

Clemmensen, O., & Hjorth, N. (1982). Perioral contact urticaria from sorbic acid and benzoic acid in a salad dressing. Contact dermatitis, 8(1), 1-6.

Hartman, P. E. (1983). Putative mutagens and carcinogens in foods. II: Sorbate and sorbate‐nitrite interactions. Environmental mutagenesis, 5(2), 217-222.

Report on “Stability of sorbic acid (E 200) and its potassium salt (E 202) during food processing and storage”. Celanese Europe B.V. Review submitted to EFSA by EC on 23 October 2018

E250 et E252

Efsa, 2017. Efsa Re-evaluation of potassium nitrite (E 249) and sodium nitrite (E 250) as food additives. EFSA Journal 2017;15(6):4786.

IARC Monographs evaluate consumption of red meat and processed meat. https://www.iarc.fr/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/pr240_E.pdf

Anses, 2004. Avis relatif à l’évaluation des risques sanitaires liés aux situations de dépassement de la limite de qualité des nitrates et des nitrites dans les eaux destinées à la consommation humaine. Afssa – Saisine n° 2004-SA-0067.

Ingested Nitrate and Nitrite, and Cyanobacterial Peptide Toxins. IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Volume 94.

Efsa, 2017. L’évaluation des risques expliquée par l’Efsa – Nitrites et nitrates ajoutés aux aliments. EFSA Journal 2017;15(6):4786.

Jecfa, 2002. Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives Monography – Nitrite (and potential endogenous formation of N-nitroso compounds). WHO Food Additives Series 50.

INRS, 2001. Nitrite de sodium – Fiche toxicologique n°169.

IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans – Ingested Nitrate and Nitrite, and Cyanobacterial Peptide Toxins. Vol 94:1-324.

Phosphates

Efsa, 2019. Re-evaluation of phosphoric acid–phosphates – di-, tri- and polyphosphates (E 338–341, E 343, E 450–452) as food additives and the safety of proposed extension of use. EFSA Journal 2019;17(6):5674

Efsa, 2019. Outcome of the questions for health professionals in the fields of nephrology, mineral metabolism, cardiovascular and nutrition medicine on phosphates food additives re-evaluation

Anses, 2015. Avis relatif à l’évaluation des apports en vitamines et minéraux issus de l’alimentation non enrichie, de l’alimentation enrichie et des compléments alimentaires dans la population française : estimation des apports usuels, des prévalences d’inadéquation et des risques de dépassement des limites de sécurité. Saisine n°2012-SA-0142.

Calvo MS, Tucker KL, 2013. Is phosphorus intake that exceeds dietary requirements a risk factor in bone health? Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2013 Oct;1301:29-35.

Calvo MS, Uribarri J, 2013. Public health impact of dietary phosphorus excess on bone and cardiovascular health in the general population. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013 Jul;98(1):6-15. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.112.053934. Epub 2013 May 29.

Chang AR et al., 2013. High dietary phosphorus intake is associated with all-cause mortality: results from NHANES III. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014 Feb; 99(2): 320–327. Published online 2013 Nov 13.

Ritz E et al., 2012. Phosphate additives in food–a health risk. Dtsch Arztebl Int 2012; 109(4): 49–55.

E621

EFSA Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources added to Food (ANS), Mortensen, A., Aguilar, F., Crebelli, R., Di Domenico, A., Dusemund, B., … & Leblanc, J. C. (2017). Re‐evaluation of glutamic acid (E 620), sodium glutamate (E 621), potassium glutamate (E 622), calcium glutamate (E 623), ammonium glutamate (E 624) and magnesium glutamate (E 625) as food additives. EFSA Journal, 15(7), e04910.

Baad‐Hansen et al. Effect of systemic monosodium glutamate (MSG) on headache and pericranial muscle sensitivity. Cephalalgia. 2010 Jan;30(1):68-76.

Obayashi, Y., & Nagamura, Y. (2016). Does monosodium glutamate really cause headache?: a systematic review of human studies. The journal of headache and pain, 17(1), 54.

Shimada et al., 2013. Headache and mechanical sensitization of human pericranial muscles after repeated intake of monosodium glutamate (MSG). The journal of headache and pain, 14(1), 2.

Hermanussen et al., 2006. Obesity, voracity, and short stature: the impact of glutamate on the regulation of appetite. European journal of clinical nutrition, 60(1), 25.

He et al., 2008. Association of monosodium glutamate intake with overweight in Chinese adults: the INTERMAP Study. Obesity, 16(8), 1875-1880.

He et al., 2011. Consumption of MSG in relation to incidence of overweight in Chinese adults: China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS). American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 93, 1328–1336.

Insawang et al., 2012. Monosodium glutamate (MSG) intake is associated with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in a rural Thai population. Nutrition & metabolism, 9(1), 50.

Nagata et al., 2006. Type 2 diabetes mellitus in obese mouse model induced by monosodium glutamate. Exp Anim, 55(2), 109-15.

Insawang et al., 2012. Monosodium glutamate (MSG) intake is associated with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in a rural Thai population. Nutrition & metabolism, 9(1), 50.

Boonnate et al., 2015. Monosodium glutamate dietary consumption decreases pancreatic β-cell mass in adult Wistar rats. PLoS One, 10(6), e0131595.

Davalli et al., 2012. The potential role of glutamate in the current diabetes epidemic. Acta diabetologica, 49(3), 167-183.

Huang et al., 2017. An excessive increase in glutamate contributes to glucose-toxicity in β-cells via activation of pancreatic NMDA receptors in rodent diabetes. Scientific reports, 7, 44120.

Lewerenz, J., & Maher, P. (2015). Chronic glutamate toxicity in neurodegenerative diseases—what is the evidence?. Frontiers in neuroscience, 9, 469.

Irving, A. J., & Harvey, J. (2014). Leptin regulation of hippocampal synaptic function in health and disease. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 369(1633), 20130155.

E950 et E951

Anses, 2015. Avis du 19 novembre 2014 révisé le 9 janvier 2015 relatif à l’évaluation des bénéfices et des risques nutritionnels des édulcorants intenses. Saisine n°2011-SA-0161.

Azad et al., 2017. Nonnutritive sweeteners and cardiometabolic health: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials and prospective cohort studies. Cmaj, 189(28), E929-E939.

Bian et al., 2017. The artificial sweetener acesulfame potassium affects the gut microbiome and body weight gain in CD-1 mice. PLoS One, 12(6), e0178426.

Suez et al., 2014. Artificial sweeteners induce glucose intolerance by altering the gut microbiota. Nature. 70. 10.1038/nature13793.

Fagherazzi et al., 2013. Consumption of artificially and sugar-sweetened beverages and incident type 2 diabetes in the Etude Epidemiologique aupres des femmes de la Mutuelle Generale de l’Education Nationale-European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort. Am J Clin Nutr, 97(3), 517-23.

NTP toxicology studies of acesulfame potassium (CAS No. 55589-62-3) in genetically modified (FVB Tg.AC Hemizygous) mice and carcinogenicity studies of acesulfame potassium in genetically modified [B6.129-Trp53(tm1Brd) (N5) Haploinsufficient] mice (feed studies)mice. Natl Toxicol Program Genet Modif Model Rep. 2005 Oct;(2):1-113.

Schernhammer et al., 2012. Consumption of artificial sweetener–and sugar-containing soda and risk of lymphoma and leukemia in men and women. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 96(6), 1419-1428.

Halldorsson et al., 2010. Intake of artificially sweetened soft drinks and risk of preterm delivery: a prospective cohort study in 59,334 Danish pregnant women. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 92(3), 626-633.

Englund-Ögge et al., 2012. Association between intake of artificially sweetened and sugar-sweetened beverages and preterm delivery: a large prospective cohort study. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 96(3), 552-559.

Efsa, 2013. Scientific Opinion on the re-evaluation of aspartame (E 951) as a food additive. EFSA Journal 2013;11(12):3496.

Millstone EP, Dawson E. EFSA’s toxicological assessment of aspartame: was it even-handedly trying to identify possible unreliable positives and unreliable negatives? Arch Public Health. 2019 Jul 15;77:34.

Nettleton et al., 2009. Diet soda intake and risk of incident metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Diabetes Care. 32. 688-94. 10.2337/dc08-1799.

Sakurai et al., 2014. Sugar-sweetened beverage and diet soda consumption and the 7-year risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus in middle-aged Japanese men. Eur J Nutr. 53. 10.1007/s00394-013-0523-9.

Soffritti et al., 2010. Aspartame administered in feed, beginning prenatally through life span, induces cancers of the liver and lung in male Swiss mice. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 53(12), 1197-1206.

Soffritti et al., 2014. The carcinogenic effects of aspartame: The urgent need for regulatory re-evaluation. Am J Ind Med. 57. 10.1002/ajim.22296.

Evitez les aliments ultra-transformés

Anne Moorhead, S.; Welch, R. W.; Barbara, M.; Livingstone, E.; McCourt, M.; Burns, A. A.; Dunne, A. The Effects of the Fibre Content and Physical Structure of Carrots on Satiety and Subsequent Intakes When Eaten as Part of a Mixed Meal. Br. J. Nutr. 2006, 96 (3), 587–595.

Haber, G. B.; Heaton, K. W.; Murphy, D.; Burroughs, L. F. Depletion and Disruption of Dietary Fibre. Effects on Satiety, Plasma-Glucose, and Serum-Insulin. Lancet 1977, 2 (8040), 679–682.

Flood-Obbagy, J. E.; Rolls, B. J. The Effect of Fruit in Different Forms on Energy Intake and Satiety at a Meal. Appetite 2009, 52 (2), 416–422.

Gustafsson, K.; Asp, N. G.; Hagander, B.; Nyman, M.; Schweizer, T. Influence of Processing and Cooking of Carrots in Mixed Meals on Satiety, Glucose and Hormonal Response. Int J Food Sci Nutr 1995, 46 (1), 3–12.

Lioger, D.; Fardet, A.; Foassert, P.; Davicco, M.-J.; Mardon, J.; Gaillard-Martinie, B.; Remesy, C. Influence of Sourdough Prefermentation, of Steam Cooking Suppression and of Decreased Sucrose Content during Wheat Flakes Processing on the Plasma Glucose and Insulin Responses and Satiety of Healthy Subjects. J Am Coll Nutr 2009, 28 (1), 30–36.

Burton, P.; Lightowler, H. J. Influence of Bread Volume on Glycaemic Response and Satiety. Br. J. Nutr. 2006, 96 (5), 877–882.

Bligh, H. F. J.; Godsland, I. F.; Frost, G.; Hunter, K. J.; Murray, P.; MacAulay, K.; Hyliands, D.; Talbot, D. C. S.; Casey, J.; Mulder, T. P. J.; et al. Plant-Rich Mixed Meals Based on Palaeolithic Diet Principles Have a Dramatic Impact on Incretin, Peptide YY and Satiety Response, but Show Little Effect on Glucose and Insulin Homeostasis: An Acute-Effects Randomised Study. Br. J. Nutr. 2015, 113 (4), 574–584.

Bleiweiss-Sande, R.; Chui, K.; Evans, E. W.; Goldberg, J.; Amin, S.; Sacheck, J. Robustness of Food Processing Classification Systems. Nutrients 2019, 11 (6).

Fardet, A.; Rock, E. Perspective: Reductionist Nutrition Research Has Meaning Only within the Framework of Holistic and Ethical Thinking. Adv Nutr 2018, 9 (6), 655–670.

Louzada, M. L. da C.; Ricardo, C. Z.; Steele, E. M.; Levy, R. B.; Cannon, G.; Monteiro, C. A. The Share of Ultra-Processed Foods Determines the Overall Nutritional Quality of Diets in Brazil. Public Health Nutr 2018, 21 (1), 94–102.

Moubarac JC, Batal M, Louzada ML, Martinez Steele E, Monteiro CA. Consumption of ultra-processed foods predicts diet quality in Canada. Appetite. 2017;108:512-520.

Rauber, F.; Louzada, M. L. da C.; Steele, E. M.; Millett, C.; Monteiro, C. A.; Levy, R. B. Ultra-Processed Food Consumption and Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases-Related Dietary Nutrient Profile in the UK (2008–2014). Nutrients 2018, 10 (5).

Machado, P. P.; Steele, E. M.; Levy, R. B.; Sui, Z.; Rangan, A.; Woods, J.; Gill, T.; Scrinis, G.; Monteiro, C. A. Ultra-Processed Foods and Recommended Intake Levels of Nutrients Linked to Non-Communicable Diseases in Australia: Evidence from a Nationally Representative Cross-Sectional Study. BMJ Open 2019, 9 (8), e029544.

Martínez Steele E, Popkin BM, Swinburn B, Monteiro CA. The share of ultra-processed foods and the overall nutritional quality of diets in the US: evidence from a nationally representative cross-sectional study. Popul Health Metr. 2017;15(1):6. Published 2017 Feb 14.

Fardet, A. Characterization of the Degree of Food Processing in Relation With Its Health Potential and Effects. Adv. Food Nutr. Res. 2018, 85, 79–129.

Costa, C. S.; Del-Ponte, B.; Assunção, M. C. F.; Santos, I. S. Consumption of Ultra-Processed Foods and Body Fat during Childhood and Adolescence: A Systematic Review. Public Health Nutr 2018, 21 (1), 148–159.

Srour B, Fezeu LK, Kesse-Guyot E, et al. Ultra-processed food intake and risk of cardiovascular disease: prospective cohort study (NutriNet-Santé). BMJ. 2019;365:l1451. Published 2019 May 29.

Costa, C. S.; Del-Ponte, B.; Assunção, M. C. F.; Santos, I. S. Consumption of Ultra-Processed Foods and Body Fat during Childhood and Adolescence: A Systematic Review. Public Health Nutr 2018, 21 (1), 148–159.

Hall KD, Ayuketah A, Brychta R, et al. Ultra-Processed Diets Cause Excess Calorie Intake and Weight Gain: An Inpatient Randomized Controlled Trial of Ad Libitum Food Intake [published correction appears in Cell Metab. 2019 Jul 2;30(1):226]. Cell Metab. 2019;30(1):67-77.e3.

Vandevijvere, S.; Jaacks, L. M.; Monteiro, C. A.; Moubarac, J.-C.; Girling-Butcher, M.; Lee, A. C.; Pan, A.; Bentham, J.; Swinburn, B. Global Trends in Ultraprocessed Food and Drink Product Sales and Their Association with Adult Body Mass Index Trajectories. Obes Rev 2019, 20 Suppl 2, 10–19.

Nardocci, M.; Leclerc, B.-S.; Louzada, M.-L.; Monteiro, C. A.; Batal, M.; Moubarac, J.-C. Consumption of Ultra-Processed Foods and Obesity in Canada. Can J Public Health 2019, 110 (1), 4–14

Chambers, Lucy. (2016). Food texture and the satiety cascade. Nutrition Bulletin. 41. 277-282. 10.1111/nbu.12221.

Tremblay, A.; Bellisle, F. Nutrients, Satiety, and Control of Energy Intake. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 2015, 40 (10), 971–979.

Fardet, A. Minimally Processed Foods Are More Satiating and Less Hyperglycemic than Ultra-Processed Foods: A Preliminary Study with 98 Ready-to-Eat Foods. Food Funct 2016, 7 (5), 2338–2346.

Fiolet, T.; Srour, B.; Sellem, L.; Kesse-Guyot, E.; Allès, B.; Méjean, C.; Deschasaux, M.; Fassier, P.; Latino-Martel, P.; Beslay, M.; et al. Consumption of Ultra-Processed Foods and Cancer Risk: Results from NutriNet-Santé Prospective Cohort. BMJ 2018, 360.

Zinöcker, M. K.; Lindseth, I. A. The Western Diet–Microbiome-Host Interaction and Its Role in Metabolic Disease. Nutrients 2018, 10 (3).

Utilisez des ustensiles inoffensifs

Les revêtements antiadhésifs

https://www.acte-international.com/web/aw_11107/fr/pfoa-entree-officielle-dans-l-annexe-xvii-des-restrictions-reach

https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/MCDA2007sa0391.pdf

Gomis MI, Vestergren R, Borg D, Cousins IT. Comparing the toxic potency in vivo of long-chain perfluoroalkyl acids and fluorinated alternatives. Environ Int. 2018;113:1-9.

Conley JM, Lambright CS, Evans N, et al. Adverse Maternal, Fetal, and Postnatal Effects of Hexafluoropropylene Oxide Dimer Acid (GenX) from Oral Gestational Exposure in Sprague-Dawley Rats. Environ Health Perspect. 2019;127(3):37008.

Blake BE, Cope HA, Hall SM, et al. Evaluation of Maternal, Embryo, and Placental Effects in CD-1 Mice following Gestational Exposure to Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA) or Hexafluoropropylene Oxide Dimer Acid (HFPO-DA or GenX). Environ Health Perspect. 2020;128(2):27006.

Coperchini F, Croce L, Denegri M, et al. Adverse effects of in vitro GenX exposure on rat thyroid cell viability, DNA integrity and thyroid-related genes expression. Environ Pollut. 2020;264:114778.

L’aluminium

ANSES – https://www.anses.fr/fr/content/exposition-%C3%A0-l%E2%80%99aluminium-par-l%E2%80%99alimentation

Exley, C. Human Exposure to Aluminium. Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts 2013, 15 (10), 1807–1816.

Guo, C.-H.; Wang, C.-L. Plasma Aluminum Is a Risk Factor for Oxidative Stress and Inflammation Status in Hemodialysis Patients. Clin. Biochem. 2011, 44 (16), 1309–1314.

Mujika, J. I.; Ruipérez, F.; Infante, I.; Ugalde, J. M.; Exley, C.; Lopez, X. Pro-Oxidant Activity of Aluminum: Stabilization of the Aluminum Superoxide Radical Ion. J Phys Chem A 2011, 115 (24), 6717–6723.

Perl DP, Fogarty U, Harpaz N, Sachar DB. Bacterial-metal interactions: the potential role of aluminum and other trace elements in the etiology of Crohn’s disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2004;10(6):881-883.

Guo CH, Chen PC, Hsia S, Hsu GS, Liu PJ. The relationship of plasma aluminum to oxidant-antioxidant and inflammation status in asthma patients. Environ Toxicol Pharmacol. 2013;35(1):30-38.

Mold M, Umar D, King A, Exley C. Aluminium in brain tissue in autism. J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2018;46:76-82.

Campbell A, Bondy SC. Aluminum induced oxidative events and its relation to inflammation: a role for the metal in Alzheimer’s disease. Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 2000;46(4):721-730.

Bondy, S. C. The Neurotoxicity of Environmental Aluminum Is Still an Issue. Neurotoxicology 2010, 31 (5), 575–581.

Maya, S.; Prakash, T.; Madhu, K. D.; Goli, D. Multifaceted Effects of Aluminium in Neurodegenerative Diseases: A Review. Biomed. Pharmacother. 2016, 83, 746–754.

Léonard, A.; Gerber, G. B. Mutagenicity, Carcinogenicity and Teratogenicity of Aluminium. Mutat. Res. 1988, 196 (3), 247–257.

Arnich N, Sirot V, Rivière G, et al. Dietary exposure to trace elements and health risk assessment in the 2nd French Total Diet Study. Food Chem Toxicol. 2012;50(7):2432-2449.

Fekete V, Deconinck E, Bolle F, Van Loco J. Modelling aluminium leaching into food from different foodware materials with multi-level factorial design of experiments. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2012;29(8):1322-1333.

Domingo JL. Aluminium. In: Benjamin C, Editor. Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition. 2nd Ed. Oxford: Academic Press; 2003. Pp. 160-6.

Karbouj R. Aluminium leaching using chelating agents as compositions of food. Food Chem Toxicol. 2007;45(9):1688-1693.

https://www.60millions-mag.com/2014/02/20/trop-d-aluminium-dans-les-laits-pour-bebes-7915

Dartigues JF, Helmer C, Letenneur L, et al. Paquid 2012 : illustration et bilan [Paquid 2012: illustration and overview]. Geriatr Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil. 2012;10(3):325-331.

Couzy F, Aubree E, Magliola C, Mareschi JP. Average mineral and trace element content in daily adjusted menus (DAM) of French adults. J Trace Elem Electrolytes Health Dis. 1988;2(2):79-83.

Le silicone

Helling R, Mieth A, Altmann S, Simat TJ. Determination of the overall migration from silicone baking moulds into simulants and food using 1H-NMR techniques. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2009;26(3):395-407.

Helling R, Kutschbach K, Joachim Simat T. Migration behaviour of silicone moulds in contact with different foodstuffs. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2010;27(3):396-405.

Fromme H, Witte M, Fembacher L, et al. Siloxane in baking moulds, emission to indoor air and migration to food during baking with an electric oven. Environ Int. 2019;126:145-152.

https://www.60millions-mag.com/2019/01/15/test-de-moules-gateaux-12372

Choisissez le bon mode de cuisson

Lee S, Choi Y, Jeong HS, Lee J, Sung J. Effect of different cooking methods on the content of vitamins and true retention in selected vegetables. Food Sci Biotechnol. 2017;27(2):333-342. Published 2017 Dec 12.

Jiménez-Monreal AM, García-Diz L, Martínez-Tomé M, Mariscal M, Murcia MA. Influence of cooking methods on antioxidant activity of vegetables. J Food Sci. 2009;74(3):H97-H103.

Yuan GF, Sun B, Yuan J, Wang QM. Effects of different cooking methods on health-promoting compounds of broccoli. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B. 2009;10(8):580-588.

Bastías JM, Balladares P, Acuña S, Quevedo R, Muñoz O. Determining the effect of different cooking methods on the nutritional composition of salmon (Salmo salar) and chilean jack mackerel (Trachurus murphyi) fillets. PLoS One. 2017;12(7):e0180993. Published 2017 Jul 7.

Andlauer W, Stumpf C, Hubert M, Rings A, Fürst P. Influence of cooking process on phenolic marker compounds of vegetables. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2003;73(2):152-159.

Ferracane R, Pellegrini N, Visconti A, et al. Effects of different cooking methods on antioxidant profile, antioxidant capacity, and physical characteristics of artichoke. J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56(18):8601-8608.

Carcinogens in Tobacco Smoke: Benzo[a] pyrene from Canadian Cigarettes and Cigarette Tobacco, M.J.Kaisennan, W. S.Rickert, American Journal of Public Health, 1992

Analysis of 200 food items for benzo[a] pyrene and estimation of its intake in an epidemiologic study, N.Kazerounia et al, Food and Chemical Toxicology 39, 2000

EFSA – https://www.efsa.europa.eu/fr/efsajournal/pub/4104

INFOSAN – https://www.who.int/foodsafety/fs_management/No_02_Acrylamide_Mar05_fr_rev1.pdf

Anses – L’acrylamide dans les aliments : https://www.anses.fr/fr/content/l%E2%80%99acrylamide-dans-les-aliments

Parada H Jr, Steck SE, Bradshaw PT, et al. Grilled, Barbecued, and Smoked Meat Intake and Survival Following Breast Cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2017;109(6):djw299. Published 2017 Jan 5.

Uribarri J, Woodruff S, Goodman S, et al. Advanced glycation end products in foods and a practical guide to their reduction in the diet. J Am Diet Assoc. 2010;110(6):911-16.e12.

Tamanna N, Mahmood N. Food Processing and Maillard Reaction Products: Effect on Human Health and Nutrition. Int J Food Sci. 2015;2015:526762.

Trevisan AJ, de Almeida Lima D, Sampaio GR, Soares RA, Markowicz Bastos DH. Influence of home cooking conditions on Maillard reaction products in beef. Food Chem.

Virk-Baker MK, Nagy TR, Barnes S, Groopman J. Dietary acrylamide and human cancer: a systematic review of literature. Nutr Cancer. 2014;66(5):774-790.

Brownlee M. Advanced protein glycosylation in diabetes and aging. Annu Rev Med. 1995;46:223-234.

Zhi WJ, Wang LF, Hu XJ. Recent advances in the effects of microwave radiation on brains. Mil Med Res. 2017;4(1):29. Published 2017 Sep 21.

Jiang H, Liu Z, Wang S. Microwave processing: Effects and impacts on food components. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2018;58(14):2476-2489.

Anses – Four à micro-ondes et substances chimiques des emballages alimentaires : https://www.anses.fr/fr/content/four-%C3%A0-micro-ondes-et-substances-chimiques-des-emballages-alimentaires

Caponio, F., Pasqualone, A. & Gomes, T. Effects of conventional and microwave heating on the degradation of olive oil. Eur Food Res Technol 215, 114–117 (2002).

Prenez le temps de mastiquer

Okubo H, Murakami K, Masayasu S, Sasaki S. The Relationship of Eating Rate and Degree of Chewing to Body Weight Status among Preschool Children in Japan: A Nationwide Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients. 2018;11(1):64. Published 2018 Dec 29.

Zhu Y, Hollis JH. Relationship between chewing behavior and body weight status in fully dentate healthy adults. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2015 Mar;66(2):135-9.

Ashiga H, Takei E, Magara J, et al. Effect of attention on chewing and swallowing behaviors in healthy humans. Sci Rep. 2019;9(1):6013. Published 2019 Apr 12.

N’gom PI, Woda A. Influence of impaired mastication on nutrition. J Prosthet Dent. 2002;87(6):667-673.

Mann T, Heuberger R, Wong H. The association between chewing and swallowing difficulties and nutritional status in older adults. Aust Dent J. 2013;58(2):200-206.

Furuta M, Yamashita Y. Oral Health and Swallowing Problems. Curr Phys Med Rehabil Rep. 2013;1(4):216-222. Published 2013 Sep 15.

Furuta M, Komiya-Nonaka M, Akifusa S, Shimazaki Y, Adachi M, Kinoshita T, Kikutani T, Yamashita Y. Interrelationship of oral health status, swallowing function, nutritional status, and cognitive ability with activities of daily living in Japanese elderly people receiving home care services due to physical disabilities. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2013 Apr;41(2):173-81.

Miquel-Kergoat S, Azais-Braesco V, Burton-Freeman B, Hetherington MM. Effects of chewing on appetite, food intake and gut hormones: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Physiol Behav. 2015 Nov 1;151:88-96.

Mangez en pleine conscience

Morillo Sarto H, Barcelo-Soler A, Herrera-Mercadal P, et al. Efficacy of a mindful-eating programme to reduce emotional eating in patients suffering from overweight or obesity in primary care settings: a cluster-randomised trial protocol. BMJ Open. 2019;9(11):e031327. Published 2019 Nov 21.

Mantzios M. Editorial: Mindfulness and Eating Behavior. Front Psychol. 2018;9:1986. Published 2018 Oct 12.

O’Reilly GA, Cook L, Spruijt-Metz D, Black DS. Mindfulness-based interventions for obesity-related eating behaviours: a literature review. Obes Rev. 2014;15(6):453-461.

Warren JM, Smith N, Ashwell M. A structured literature review on the role of mindfulness, mindful eating and intuitive eating in changing eating behaviours: effectiveness and associated potential mechanisms. Nutr Res Rev. 2017;30(2):272-283.

Godfrey KM, Gallo LC, Afari N. Mindfulness-based interventions for binge eating: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Behav Med. 2015;38(2):348-362.

Moins d’emballages, plus de vrac

Le plastique

INRS. Produits de dégradation thermique des matières plastiques. Cahier des notes documentaires – Hygiène et sécurité du travail, N°174, 1999

Sax, Leonard. “Polyethylene terephthalate may yield endocrine disruptors.” Environmental health perspectives vol. 118,4 (2010): 445-8.

Chapa-Martínez CA, Hinojosa-Reyes L, Hernández-Ramírez A, Ruiz-Ruiz E, Maya-Treviño L, Guzmán-Mar JL. An evaluation of the migration of antimony from polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic used for bottled drinking water. Sci Total Environ. 2016;565:511‐518.

Al-Otoum F, Al-Ghouti MA, Costa OS Jr, Khraisheh M. Impact of temperature and storage time on the migration of antimony from polyethylene terephthalate (PET) containers into bottled water in Qatar. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189(12):631. Published 2017 Nov 12.

Vasami, Ralph. “Polyethylene terephthalate and endocrine disruptors.” Environmental health perspectives vol. 118,5 (2010): A196-7; author reply A197.

Héliès-Toussaint C, Peyre L, Costanzo C, Chagnon MC, Rahmani R. Is bisphenol S a safe substitute for bisphenol A in terms of metabolic function? An in vitro study. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2014;280(2):224-235.

Bauer A, Jesús F, Gómez Ramos MJ, Lozano A, Fernández-Alba AR. Identification of unexpected chemical contaminants in baby food coming from plastic packaging migration by high resolution accurate mass spectrometry. Food Chem. 2019;295:274-288.

Wang C, Gao W, Liang Y, et al. Migration of chlorinated paraffins from plastic food packaging into food simulants: Concentrations and differences in congener profiles. Chemosphere. 2019;225:557-564.

Guerreiro TM, de Oliveira DN, Melo CFOR, de Oliveira Lima E, Catharino RR. Migration from plastic packaging into meat. Food Res Int. 2018;109:320-324.

Ohashi A, Kotera H, Hori H, Hibiya M, Watanabe K, Murakami K, Hasegawa M, Tomita M, Hiki Y, Sugiyama S. Evaluation of endocrine disrupting activity of plasticizers in polyvinyl chloride tubes by estrogen receptor alpha binding assay. J Artif Organs. 2005;8(4):252-6.

Groh KJ, Backhaus T, Carney-Almroth B, et al. Overview of known plastic packaging-associated chemicals and their hazards. Sci Total Environ. 2019;651(Pt 2):3253-3268.

Dong RH, Zhang H, Zhang MR, et al. Association between Phthalate Exposure and the Use of Plastic Containers in Shanghai Adults. Biomed Environ Sci. 2017;30(10):727-736.

Evelina Fasano, Francisco Bono-Blay, Teresa Cirillo, Paolo Montuori, Silvia Lacorte. Migration of phthalates, alkylphenols, bisphenol A and di(2-ethylhexyl)adipate from food packaging. Food Control, Volume 27, Issue 1, 2012, Pages 132-138.

Carlos KS, de Jager LS, Begley TH. Investigation of the primary plasticisers present in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) products currently authorised as food contact materials. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2018 Jun;35(6):1214-1222.

Yang, Chun Z et al. “Most plastic products release estrogenic chemicals: a potential health problem that can be solved.” Environmental health perspectives vol. 119,7 (2011): 989-96.

Konieczna A, Rutkowska A, Rachoń D. Health risk of exposure to Bisphenol A (BPA). Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2015;66(1):5-11.

Jalal, N., Surendranath, A. R., Pathak, J. L., Yu, S., & Chung, C. Y. (2017). Bisphenol A (BPA) the mighty and the mutagenic. Toxicology reports, 5, 76–84.

Cox KD, Covernton GA, Davies HL, Dower JF, Juanes F, Dudas SE. Human Consumption of Microplastics. Environ Sci Technol. 2019 Jun 18;53(12):7068-7074.

Mason, Sherri A et al. “Synthetic Polymer Contamination in Bottled Water.” Frontiers in chemistry vol. 6 407. 11 Sep. 2018.

Hahladakis JN, Velis CA, Weber R, Iacovidou E, Purnell P. An overview of chemical additives present in plastics: Migration, release, fate and environmental impact during their use, disposal and recycling. J Hazard Mater. 2018;344:179-199.

Bhunia, K., Sablani, S.S., Tang, J. and Rasco, B. (2013), Migration of Chemical Compounds from Packaging Polymers during Microwave, Conventional Heat Treatment, and Storage. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, 12: 523-545.

WWF – https://www.wwf.fr/vous-informer/actualites/chaque-annee-600-000-tonnes-de-plastique-sont-rejetees-dans-la-mer-mediterranee

Greenpeace – https://www.greenpeace.fr/pollution-oceans-limpact-plastiques/

Le carton

EFSA Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM); Scientific Opinion on Mineral Oil Hydrocarbons in Food. EFSA Journal 2012; 10( 6):2704. [185 pp.]

Efsa – https://www.efsa.europa.eu/fr/press/news/120606

Anses (2017), Avis de l’Anses relatif à la migration des composés d’huiles minérales dans les denrées alimentaires à partir des emballages en papiers et cartons recyclés.

Grob K. Mineral oil hydrocarbons in food: a review. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2018 Sep;35(9):1845-1860.

Cancer from mineral oil. (1969). British medical journal, 4(5681), 443–444.

https://www.foodwatch.org/fr/actualites/2015/huiles-minerales-dans-nos-aliments-tous-les-resultats/

BEUC (July 18, 2019). “More than a paper tiger. European consumer organizations call for action on paper and board food contact materials.” BEUC-X-2019-042

https://www.quechoisir.org/enquete-emballages-alimentaires-les-hydrocarbures-migrent-n2865/

https://www.ania.net/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/ANIA_TOOLBOX-_hydrocarbures-dhuiles-min%C3%A9rales_2019.pdf

L’aluminium

ANSES – https://www.anses.fr/fr/content/exposition-%C3%A0-l%E2%80%99aluminium-par-l%E2%80%99alimentation

Exley, C. Human Exposure to Aluminium. Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts 2013, 15 (10), 1807–1816.

Guo, C.-H.; Wang, C.-L. Plasma Aluminum Is a Risk Factor for Oxidative Stress and Inflammation Status in Hemodialysis Patients. Clin. Biochem. 2011, 44 (16), 1309–1314.

Mujika, J. I.; Ruipérez, F.; Infante, I.; Ugalde, J. M.; Exley, C.; Lopez, X. Pro-Oxidant Activity of Aluminum: Stabilization of the Aluminum Superoxide Radical Ion. J Phys Chem A 2011, 115 (24), 6717–6723.

Perl DP, Fogarty U, Harpaz N, Sachar DB. Bacterial-metal interactions: the potential role of aluminum and other trace elements in the etiology of Crohn’s disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2004;10(6):881-883.

Guo CH, Chen PC, Hsia S, Hsu GS, Liu PJ. The relationship of plasma aluminum to oxidant-antioxidant and inflammation status in asthma patients. Environ Toxicol Pharmacol. 2013;35(1):30-38.

Mold M, Umar D, King A, Exley C. Aluminium in brain tissue in autism. J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2018;46:76-82.

Campbell A, Bondy SC. Aluminum induced oxidative events and its relation to inflammation: a role for the metal in Alzheimer’s disease. Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 2000;46(4):721-730.

Bondy, S. C. The Neurotoxicity of Environmental Aluminum Is Still an Issue. Neurotoxicology 2010, 31 (5), 575–581.

Maya, S.; Prakash, T.; Madhu, K. D.; Goli, D. Multifaceted Effects of Aluminium in Neurodegenerative Diseases: A Review. Biomed. Pharmacother. 2016, 83, 746–754.

Léonard, A.; Gerber, G. B. Mutagenicity, Carcinogenicity and Teratogenicity of Aluminium. Mutat. Res. 1988, 196 (3), 247–257.

Arnich N, Sirot V, Rivière G, et al. Dietary exposure to trace elements and health risk assessment in the 2nd French Total Diet Study. Food Chem Toxicol. 2012;50(7):2432-2449.

Fekete V, Deconinck E, Bolle F, Van Loco J. Modelling aluminium leaching into food from different foodware materials with multi-level factorial design of experiments. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2012;29(8):1322-1333.

Domingo JL. Aluminium. In: Benjamin C, Editor. Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition. 2nd Ed. Oxford: Academic Press; 2003. Pp. 160-6.

Karbouj R. Aluminium leaching using chelating agents as compositions of food. Food Chem Toxicol. 2007;45(9):1688-1693.

https://www.60millions-mag.com/2014/02/20/trop-d-aluminium-dans-les-laits-pour-bebes-7915

Dartigues JF, Helmer C, Letenneur L, et al. Paquid 2012 : illustration et bilan [Paquid 2012: illustration and overview]. Geriatr Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil. 2012;10(3):325-331.

Dionisi G, Oldring PK; Joint Industry Group (JIG). Estimates of per capita exposure to substances migrating from canned foods and beverages. Food Addit Contam. 2002;19(9):891-903.

Veríssimo MI, Gomes MT. Aluminium migration into beverages: are dented cans safe?. Sci Total Environ. 2008;405(1-3):385-388.

Duggan JM, Dickeson JE, Tynan PF, Houghton A, Flynn JE. Aluminium beverage cans as a dietary source of aluminium. Med J Aust. 1992;156(9):604-605.

Kandiah J, Kies C. Aluminum concentrations in tissues of rats: effect of soft drink packaging. Biometals. 1994;7(1):57-60.

https://www.health.belgium.be/sites/default/files/uploads/fields/fpshealth_theme_file/19104754/Analyse%20de%20la%20toxicit%c3%a9%20globale%20de%20l%e2%80%99aluminium%20et%20calcul%20de%20l%e2%80%99exposition%20avec%20une%20attention%20particuli%c3%a8re%20pour%20les%20compos%c3%a9s%20d%e2%80%99aluminium%20dans%20les%20produit.pdf

Müller JP, Steinegger A, Schlatter C. Contribution of aluminum from packaging materials and cooking utensils to the daily aluminum intake. Z Lebensm Unters Forsch. 1993;197(4):332-341.

Le petit déjeuner idéal

Hu FB, Stampfer MJ, Rimm EB et al. A prospective study of egg consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease in men and women. JAMA. 1999;281:1387-1394.

Vorster HH, Benade AJ, Barnard HC et al. Egg intake does not change plasma lipoprotein and coagulation profiles. Am J Clin Nutr. 1992;55:400-410.

Katz DL, Evans MA, Nawaz H et al. Egg consumption and endothelial function: a randomized controlled crossover trial. Int J Cardiol. 2005;99:65-70.

Howell WH, McNamara DJ et al. Plasma lipid and lipoprotein responses to dietary fat and cholesterol: a meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr. 1997;65:1747-1764.

Krauss RM, Eckel RH, Howard B et al. AHA Dietary Guidelines: revision 2000: A statement for healthcare professionals from the Nutrition Committee of the American Heart Association. Stroke. 2000;31:2751-2766.

Swanson D, Block R, Mousa SA. Omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA: health benefits throughout life. Adv Nutr. 2012 Jan;3(1):1-7. doi: 10.3945/an.111.000893. Epub 2012 Jan 5. Review.

Nichols PD, McManus A, Krail K, Sinclair AJ, Miller M. Recent advances in omega-3: Health Benefits, Sources, Products and Bioavailability. Nutrients. 2014;6(9):3727–3733. Published 2014 Sep 16.

Étude individuelle nationale des consommations alimentaires 3 (INCA 3) – Avis de l’Anses – Rapport d’expertise collective.

Delgado GE, Krämer BK, Lorkowski S, März W, von Schacky C, Kleber ME. Individual omega-9 monounsaturated fatty acids and mortality-The Ludwigshafen Risk and Cardiovascular Health Study. J Clin Lipidol. 2017 Jan – Feb;11(1):126-135.e5

Le thé / Le café

Coffee intake, recurrence, and mortality in stage III colon cancer: results from CALGB 89803 (Alliance), Charles S. Fuchs et al., Journal of Clinical Oncology, doi: 10.1200/JCO.2015.61.5062, published online 17 August 2015

Ciaramelli C, Palmioli A, Airoldi C. Coffee variety, origin and extraction procedure: Implications for coffee beneficial effects on human health. Food Chem. 2019 Apr 25;278:47-55.

Bhupathiraju SN, Pan A, Malik VS, Manson JE, Willett WC, van Dam RM, Hu FB. Caffeinated and caffeine-free beverages and risk of type 2 diabetes. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013 Jan;97(1):155-66.

Tuomilehto J : Coffee consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus among middle-aged Finnish men and women. JAMA. 2004, 291(10):1213-129.

Van Dam RM. Coffee and type 2 diabetes: from beans to beta-cells. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2006 Jan;16(1):69-77. Epub 2005 Dec 13. Review. PubMed PMID:16399494.

Xiao Q, Sinha R, Graubard BI, Freedman ND. Inverse associations of total and decaffeinated coffee with liver enzyme levels in National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2010. Hepatology. 2014 Dec;60(6):2091-8.

O’Callaghan F, Muurlink O, Reid N. Effects of caffeine on sleep quality and daytime functioning. Risk Manag Healthc Policy. 2018 Dec 7;11:263-271.

EFSA (2015) Scientific Opinion on the Safety of Caffeine. EFSA Journal, 13(5):4102.

ESC Congress 2015 29-Aug-2015 Coffee linked with increased cardiovascular risk in young adults with mild hypertension.

European Society of Cardiology. « Coffee increases prediabetes risk in susceptible young adults. » ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 2 September 2014

Tharion WJ : Caffeine effects on marksmanship during high-stress military training with 72 hour sleep deprivation. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2003, 74(4):309-314 Kamimori, Gary H et al. “Caffeine improves reaction time, vigilance and logical reasoning during extended periods with restricted opportunities for sleep” Psychopharmacology vol. 232,12 (2014): 2031-42.

Mesas AE, Leon-Muñoz LM, Rodriguez-Artalejo F, Lopez-Garcia E. The effect of coffee on blood pressure and cardiovascular disease in hypertensive individuals: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011;94(4):1113‐1126.

Zhang Z, Hu G, Caballero B, Appel L, Chen L. Habitual coffee consumption and risk of hypertension: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective observational studies. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011;93(6):1212‐1219.

Grosso G, Stepaniak U, Polak M, et al. Coffee consumption and risk of hypertension in the Polish arm of the HAPIEE cohort study. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2016;70(1):109‐115.

Grosso G, Micek A, Godos J, et al. Long-Term Coffee Consumption Is Associated with Decreased Incidence of New-Onset Hypertension: A Dose-Response Meta-Analysis. Nutrients. 2017;9(8):890. Published 2017 Aug 17.

Danchin N. Coffee or tea consumption: no impact on cardiovascular mortality: the IPC cohort. Présenté au Congrès européen de cardiologie, Barcelone 31 août 2014.

P. Elliott Miller et al. Association of tea intake with coronary artery calcification and cardiovascular events : results from the multi-ethnic study of artherosclerosis (MESA). Présentation à l’American Heart Association à Phoenix. Mars 2016.

Hertog MGL : Dietary antioxidant flavonoids and risk of coronary disease. Lancet 1993, 342 : 1007-1011.

Leopold JA. Antioxidants and coronary artery disease: from pathophysiology to preventive therapy. Coron Artery Dis. 2015 Mar;26(2):176-83.

Souissi Y, Souissi M, Chtourou H. Effects of caffeine ingestion on the diurnal variation of cognitive and repeated high-intensity performances. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2019 Feb;177:69-74.

Momose Y, Maeda-Yamamoto M, Nabetani H. Systematic review of green tea
epigallocatechin gallate in reducing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels of humans. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2016 Sep;67(6):606-13.

Le lait

Enattah NS, Sahi T, Savilahti E, Terwilliger JD, Peltonen L, Järvelä I. Identification of a variant associated with adult-type hypolactasia. Nat Genet. 2002 Feb;30(2):233-7.

https://www.ameli.fr/assure/sante/themes/intolerance-lactose/definition-symptomes

Savaiano DA. Lactose digestion from yogurt: mechanism and relevance. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014 May;99(5 Suppl):1251S-5S.

Cloarec D, Gouilloud S & Coll. Déficit en lactase et symptômes d’intolérance au lactose dans une population adulte saine de l’Ouest de la France. Gastroenterol. Clin. Biol., 1991, 15 : 588-93.

https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/NUT2009sa0261Ra.pdf

Ugidos-Rodríguez S, Matallana-González MC, Sánchez-Mata MC. Lactose

malabsorption and intolerance: a review. Food Funct. 2018 Aug 15;9(8):4056-4068. 

Mattar, Rejane et al. “Lactose intolerance: diagnosis, genetic, and clinical factors.” Clinical and experimental gastroenterology vol. 5 (2012): 113-21. 

Misselwitz B, Pohl D, Frühauf H, Fried M, Vavricka SR, Fox M. Lactose malabsorption and intolerance: pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment. United European Gastroenterol J. 2013;1(3):151–159. 

Tate PL, Bibb R, Larcom LL. Milk stimulates growth of prostate cancer cells in culture. Nutr Cancer. 2011 Nov;63(8):1361-6.

Fraser G, Miles F, Orlich M, Jaceldo-Siegl K, Mashchak A. Dairy Milk Is Associated with Increased Risk of Breast Cancer in the Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2) Cohort (P05-026-19). Curr Dev Nutr. 2019;3(Suppl 1):nzz030.P05-026-19. Published 2019 Jun 13. 

Lu W, Chen H, Niu Y, Wu H, Xia D, Wu Y. Dairy products intake and cancer mortality risk: a meta-analysis of 11 population-based cohort studies. Nutr J. 2016;15(1):91. Published 2016 Oct 21. 

Jeyaraman MM, Abou-Setta AM, Grant L, et al. Dairy product consumption and development of cancer: an overview of reviews. BMJ Open. 2019;9(1):e023625. Published 2019 Jan 25.

Aune D. Dairy products, calcium and prostate cancer risk : a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies. Am J Clin Nutr 2015;101:87-117. (2) Roddam AW. Insulin-like growth factors, their binding proteins, and prostate cancer risk : analysis of individual patient data from 12 prospective studies. Ann Intern Med 2008;149:461-471,W83-8.

Les oeufs

Shin JY, Xun P, Nakamura Y, He K. Egg consumption in relation to risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013 Jul;98(1):146-59.

Alexander DD, Miller PE, Vargas AJ, Weed DL, Cohen SS. Meta-analysis of Egg Consumption and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke. J Am Coll Nutr. 2016 Nov-Dec;35(8):704-716.

Howell WH, McNamara DJ et al. Plasma lipid and lipoprotein responses to dietary fat and cholesterol: a meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr. 1997;65:1747-1764.

Rong Y, Chen L, Zhu T, et al. Egg consumption and risk of coronary heart disease and stroke: dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. 2013;346:e8539. 

AHA/ACC guideline on lifestyle management to reduce cardiovascular risk: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Jul 1;63

https://health.gov/dietaryguidelines/2015-scientific-report/PDFs/Scientific-Report-of-the-2015-Dietary-Guidelines-Advisory-Committee.pdf

Kannel WB, Castelli WP, Gordon T. Cholesterol in the prediction of atherosclerotic disease. New perspectives based on the Framin- gham study. Ann Intern Med 1979 ; 90 : 85-91. 

Holvoet et al. Association of High Coronary Heart Disease Risk Status With Circulating Oxidized LDL in the Well-Functioning Elderly. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology. 2003; 23: 1444-1448.

Narasimhulu et al. Increased presence of oxidized low‐density lipoprotein in the left ventricular blood of subjects with cardiovascular disease. Physiol Rep. 2016 Mar; 4(6): e12726.

Hu FB, Stampfer MJ, Rimm EB et al. A prospective study of egg consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease in men and women. JAMA. 1999;281:1387-1394.

Nichols PD, McManus A, Krail K, Sinclair AJ, Miller M. Recent advances in omega-3: Health Benefits, Sources, Products and Bioavailability. Nutrients. 2014;6(9):3727–3733. Published 2014 Sep 16.

Vorster HH, Benade AJ, Barnard HC et al. Egg intake does not change plasma lipoprotein and coagulation profiles. Am J Clin Nutr. 1992;55:400-410.

Katz DL, Evans MA, Nawaz H et al. Egg consumption and endothelial function: a randomized controlled crossover trial. Int J Cardiol. 2005;99:65-70.

The The Bleu Blanc Cœur path: impacts on animal products and human health – https://www.ocl-journal.org/articles/ocl/full_html/2015/06/ocl150021/ocl150021.html

Mourot, Jacques. (2017). Nature et importance des matières grasses animales dans l’alimentation humaine. Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique. 52. 10.1016/j.cnd.2017.09.005.

Baeza E, Chartrin P, Lessire M, et al. Is it possible to increase the n-3 fatty acid content of eggs without affecting their technological and/or sensorial quality and the laying performance of hens?. Br Poult Sci. 2015;56(6):748-754.

Weill P, Schmitt B, Chesneau G, Daniel N, Safraou F, Legrand P. Effects of introducing linseed in livestock diet on blood fatty acid composition of consumers of animal products. Ann Nutr Metab. 2002;46(5):182-191.

Kerhoas, Nathalie & Guillevic, Mathieu & Bordais, E. & Chesneau, Guillaume & Weill, Pierre. (2010). Le mode de production influence la composition lipidique de l’oeuf. Nutrition Clinique et Métabolisme. 24. S98-S98.

« Intérêt Nutritionnel Des Oeufs Enrichis En Iode Et En Acides Gras Oméga-3 Chez Les Sujets Hypercholestérolémiques. »,  Schmitt, B., and Ferry. C. In Journées de la Recherche Avicole, 12, 494-498. Tours, 2017.

Le pain

CIQAL – https://ciqual.anses.fr/#/aliments/7110/pain-complet-ou-integral-(a-la-farine-t150)

Fasano. 2011 « Zonulin and Its Regulation of Intestinal Barrier Function: The Biological Door to Inflammation, Autoimmunity, and Cancer ». Physiological Reviews 151-175

Hollon et al. 2015. “Effect of gliadin on permeability of intestinal biopsy explants from celiac disease patients and patients with non-celiac gluten sensitivity”. Nutrients 7(3):1565-1577.

Korem T, Zeevi D, Zmora N, Weissbrod O, Bar N, Lotan-Pompan M, Avnit-Sagi T, Kosower N, Malka G, Rein M, Suez J, Goldberg BZ, Weinberger A, Levy AA, Elinav E, Segal E. Bread Affects Clinical Parameters and Induces Gut Microbiome-Associated Personal Glycemic Responses. Cell Metab. 2017 Jun 6;25(6):1243-1253.e5.

lessio Fasano et al., Prevalence of Celiac Disease in At-Risk and Not-At-Risk Groups in the United States A Large Multicenter Study Original Investigation February 10, 2003 Arch Intern Med. 2003;163(3):286-292.

Elma MJ Salentijn et al., Celiac disease T-cell epitopes from gamma-gliadins : immunoreactivity depends on the genome of origin, transcript frequency, and flanking protein variation BMC Genomics. 2012; 13: 277.

Rubio-Tapia A et al, Increased prevalence and mortality in undiagnosed celiac disease. Gastroenterology. 2009 Jul;137(1):88-93.

Paola Migliorini et al, Agronomic and quality characteristics of old, modern and mixture wheat varieties and landraces for organic bread chain in diverse environments of northern Italy European Journal of Agronomy Volume 79, September 2016.

Alessio Fasano et al., Prevalence of Celiac Disease in At-Risk and Not-At-Risk Groups in the United States A Large Multicenter Study Original Investigation February 10, 2003 Arch Intern Med. 2003;163(3):286-292.

Pulido O et al., Clinical features and symptom recovery on a gluten-free diet in Canadian adults with celiac disease. Can J Gastroenterol. 2013 Aug;27(8):449-53.

Catassi C et al., Detection of Celiac disease in primary care: a multicenter case-finding study in North America. Am J Gastroenterol. 2007 Jul;102(7):1454-60.

Rostom A et al., American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) Institute technical review on the diagnosis and management of celiac disease. Gastroenterology. 2006;131(6):1981–2002.

Kelly CP et al., Advances in diagnosis and management of celiac disease. Gastroenterology. 2015;148(6):1175–86).

Elli L et al., Diagnosis of gluten related disorders: Celiac disease, wheat allergy and non-celiac gluten sensitivity. World J Gastroenterol. 2015 Jun 21;21(23):7110-9.Hollon et al. 2015. “Effect of gliadin on permeability of intestinal biopsy explants from celiac disease patients and patients with non-celiac gluten sensitivity”. Nutrients 7(3):1565-1577

Aziz I et al., S. A UK Study Assessing the Population Prevalence of Self-Reported Gluten Sensitivity and Referral Characteristics to Secondary Care. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2014, 26 (1), 33–39.

Volta U et al., Study Group for Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity. An Italian Prospective Multicenter Survey on Patients Suspected of Having Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity. BMC Med 2014, 12, 85.

Aziz, I.; Dwivedi, K.; Sanders, D. S. From Coeliac Disease to Noncoeliac Gluten Sensitivity; Should Everyone Be Gluten Free? Curr. Opin. Gastroenterol. 2016, 32 (2), 120–127.

Elli L et al., Evidence for the Presence of Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity in Patients with Functional Gastrointestinal Symptoms: Results from a Multicenter Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Gluten Challenge. Nutrients 2016, 8 (2), 84.

Le miel

Rapport CyclOpe 2019

https://www.euractiv.fr/section/concurrence/news/un-tiers-du-miel-vendu-dans-lue-est-frelate/

https://www.quechoisir.org/action-ufc-que-choisir-miel-pour-une-reelle-tracabilite-n47660/

https://ciqual.anses.fr/

Gheldof N, Engeseth NJ. Antioxidant capacity of honeys from various floral sources based on the determination of oxygen radical absorbance capacity and inhibition of in vitro lipoprotein oxidation in human serum samples. J Agric Food Chem 2002 May 8;50(10):3050-5

News Bureau University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Honey — the darker the better — has potential as dietary antioxidant.

UNAF – https://www.unaf-apiculture.info/actualites/une-enquete-nationale-officielle-confirme-les-denonciations-de-l-unaf.html

Greenpeace – https://www.greenpeace.fr/le-declin-des-abeilles/

Un toit pour les abeilles – https://www.untoitpourlesabeilles.fr/la-vie-des-abeilles.html

ANSES – https://www.anses.fr/fr/content/sant%C3%A9-des-abeilles

Le beurre

Siri-Tarino PW, Sun Q, Hu FB, Krauss RM. Saturated fat, carbohydrate, and cardiovascular disease. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;91(3):502–509.

DiNicolantonio JJ, Lucan SC, O’Keefe JH. The Evidence for Saturated Fat and for Sugar Related to Coronary Heart Disease. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2016 Mar-Apr;58(5):464-72.

Dashti HM,Mathew TC, Khadada M and al. Beneficial effects of ketogenic diet in obese diabetic Mol Cell Biochem. 2007 Aug;302(1-2):249-56)

K Sato, Y Kashiwaya, C A Keon, et al. Insulin, ketone bodies, and mitochondrial energy transduction. FASEB J 1995 9: 651-658

Forsythe CE, Phinney SD and al. Comparison of low fat and low carbohydrate diets on circulating fatty acid composition and markers of inflammation. Lipids. 2008 Jan;43(1):65-77.

Tsoupras A, Lordan R, Zabetakis I. Inflammation, not Cholesterol, Is a Cause of Chronic Disease. Nutrients. 2018;10(5):604. Published 2018 May 12.

Goncalves A, Gleize B, Bott R, Nowicki M, Amiot MJ, Lairon D, Borel P, Reboul E. Phytosterols can impair vitamin D intestinal absorption in vitro and in mice. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2011 Sep;55 Suppl 2:S303-11.

Turpeinen, A., & Merimaa, P. (2011). Functional fats and spreads. In Functional Foods (pp. 383-400). Woodhead Publishing.

Le déjeuner idéal

Dagfinn Aune, Edward Giovannucci, Paolo Boffetta, Lars T. Fadnes, NaNa Keum, Teresa Norat, Darren C. Greenwood, Elio Riboli, Lars J. Vatten, Serena Tonstad. Fruit and vegetable intake and the risk of cardiovascular disease, total cancer and all-cause mortality–a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies. International Journal of Epidemiology, 2017; DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyw319

Tavoularis G., Hébel P., «Fruits et légumes : les Français suivent de moins en moins la recommandation», in: Consommations et modes de vies, CREDOC, n°292, ISSN 0295-9976, Juillet 2017

Article du livre sur les protéines – page 26

Article du livre sur les glucides – page 22

Les huiles

Article du livre sur les lipides – page 28

La viande

Article du livre sur les protéines – page 26

Article du livre sur les lipides – page 28

OMS : https://www.who.int/features/qa/cancer-red-meat/fr/

OMS : https://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2015/cancer-red-meat/fr/

IARC : https://www.iarc.fr/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/pr240_E.pdf

Diallo A, Deschasaux M, Latino-Martel P, Hercberg S, Galan P, Fassier P, Allès B, Guéraud F, Pierre FH, Touvier M. Red and processed meat intake and cancer risk: Results from the prospective NutriNet-Santé cohort study. Int J Cancer. 2018 Jan 15;142(2):230-237.

WHO, 2007, Protein and amino acid requirements in human nutrition: report of a joint FAO/WHO/UNU expert consultation, World Health Organisation, technical report series, no. 935

Davey GK et al. EPIC-Oxford: lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes in a cohort of 33 883 meat-eaters and 31 546 non meat-eaters in the UK. Public Health Nutr. 2003 May;6(3):259-69.

Mourot, Jacques. (2017). Nature et importance des matières grasses animales dans l’alimentation humaine. Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique. 52. 10.1016/j.cnd.2017.09.005.

Weill P, Schmitt B, Chesneau G, Daniel N, Safraou F, Legrand P. Effects of introducing linseed in livestock diet on blood fatty acid composition of consumers of animal products. Ann Nutr Metab. 2002;46(5):182-191.

The The Bleu Blanc Cœur path: impacts on animal products and human health – https://www.ocl-journal.org/articles/ocl/full_html/2015/06/ocl150021/ocl150021.html

Le poisson et les fruits de mer

Article du livre sur les lipides – page 28

Article du livre sur les protéines – page 26

Anses – Manger du poisson : pourquoi ? comment ? : https://www.anses.fr/fr/content/manger-du-poisson-pourquoi-comment

Anses – Consommation de poissons et expositon au méthylmercure : https://www.anses.fr/fr/content/consommation-de-poissons-et-exposition-au-m%C3%A9thylmercure

EFSA Panel on Biological Hazards (BIOHAZ); Scientific Opinion on risk assessment of parasites in fishery products. EFSA Journal 2010; 8(4):1543. [91 pp.].

Karimi, Roxanne et al. “A quantitative synthesis of mercury in commercial seafood and implications for exposure in the United States.” Environmental health perspectives vol. 120,11 (2012): 1512-9.

Mozaffarian D, Rimm EB. Fish Intake, Contaminants, and Human Health: Evaluating the Risks and the Benefits. JAMA. 2006;296(15):1885–1899.

Foran JA, Carpenter DO, Hamilton MC, Knuth BA, Schwager SJ. Risk-based consumption advice for farmed Atlantic and wild Pacific salmon contaminated with dioxins and dioxin-like compounds. Environ Health Perspect. 2005;113(5):552-556.

Hites RA, Foran JA, Carpenter DO, Hamilton MC, Knuth BA, Schwager SJ. Global assessment of organic contaminants in farmed salmon. Science. 2004;303(5655):226-229.

60 millions de consommateurs : https://www.60millions-mag.com/2016/11/24/saumon-le-bio-n-est-pas-irreprochable-10800

UFC Que Choisir : https://www.quechoisir.org/actualite-contaminants-dans-le-saumon-fume-les-labels-ont-encore-des-progres-a-faire-n48760/

Le fromage

Article du livre sur les protéines – page 26

Article du livre sur le lait – page 88

Article du livre sur les aliments lacto-fermentés – page 122

Article du livre sur le sel – page 166

Anses, 2015. Avis relatif à l’évaluation des apports en vitamines et minéraux issus de l’alimentation non enrichie, de l’alimentation enrichie et des compléments alimentaires dans la population française : estimation des apports usuels, des prévalences d’inadéquation et des risques de dépassement des limites de sécurité. Saisine n°2012-SA-0142.

Calvo MS, Tucker KL, 2013. Is phosphorus intake that exceeds dietary requirements a risk factor in bone health? Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2013 Oct;1301:29-35.

Calvo MS, Uribarri J, 2013. Public health impact of dietary phosphorus excess on bone and cardiovascular health in the general population. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013 Jul;98(1):6-15. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.112.053934. Epub 2013 May 29.

Chang AR et al., 2013. High dietary phosphorus intake is associated with all-cause mortality: results from NHANES III. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014 Feb; 99(2): 320–327. Published online 2013 Nov 13.

Ritz E et al., 2012. Phosphate additives in food–a health risk. Dtsch Arztebl Int 2012; 109(4): 49–55.

Les aliments lacto-fermentés

Sears CL, Garrett WS. Microbes, microbiota, and colon cancer. Cell Host Microbe. 2014;15(3):317-328.

Schwabe RF, Jobin C. The microbiome and cancer. Nat Rev Cancer. 2013;13(11):800-812.

Louis P, Hold GL, Flint HJ. The gut microbiota, bacterial metabolites and colorectal cancer. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2014;12(10):661-672.

Elinav E, Nowarski R, Thaiss CA, Hu B, Jin C, Flavell RA. Inflammation-induced cancer: crosstalk between tumours, immune cells and microorganisms. Nat Rev Cancer. 2013;13(11):759–771.

Irrazábal T, Belcheva A, Girardin SE, Martin A, Philpott DJ. The multifaceted role of the intestinal microbiota in colon cancer. Mol Cell. 2014;54(2):309-320.

Haro C, Montes-Borrego M, Rangel-Zúñiga OA, et al. Two Healthy Diets Modulate Gut Microbial Community Improving Insulin Sensitivity in a Human Obese Population. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2016;101(1):233-242.

Lam YY, Ha CWY, Campbell CR, et al. Increased gut permeability and microbiota change associate with mesenteric fat inflammation and metabolic dysfunction in diet-induced obese mice. PLoS ONE. 2012;7(3):e34233.

Desbonnet L, Garrett L, Clarke G, Kiely B, Cryan JF, Dinan TG. Effects of the probiotic Bifidobacterium infantis in the maternal separation model of depression. Neuroscience. 2010;170(4):1179-1188.

Rao AV, Bested AC, Beaulne TM, et al. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study of a probiotic in emotional symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome. Gut Pathog. 2009;1(1):6.

Hou JK, Abraham B, El-Serag H. Dietary intake and risk of developing inflammatory bowel disease: a systematic review of the literature. Am J Gastroenterol. 2011;106(4):563-573.

Cenit MC, Nuevo IC, Codoñer-Franch P, Dinan TG, Sanz Y. Gut microbiota and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: new perspectives for a challenging condition. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2017;26(9):1081-1092.

Pistollato F, Sumalla Cano S, Elio I, Masias Vergara M, Giampieri F, Battino M. Role of gut microbiota and nutrients in amyloid formation and pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease. Nutr Rev. 2016;74(10):624-634.

Li C-Q, Zheng Q, Wang Q, Zeng Q-P. Biotic/Abiotic Stress-Driven Alzheimer’s Disease. Front Cell Neurosci. 2016;10.

Chu F, Shi M, Lang Y, et al. Gut Microbiota in Multiple Sclerosis and Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis: Current Applications and Future Perspectives. Mediators Inflamm. 2018;2018:8168717.

Scheperjans F, Aho V, Pereira PAB, et al. Gut microbiota are related to Parkinson’s disease and clinical phenotype. Mov Disord. 2015;30(3):350-358.

Leal JM, Suárez LV, Jayabalan R, Oros JH, Escalante-Aburto A. A review on health benefits of kombucha nutritional compounds and metabolites. CyTA – Journal of Food. 2018;16(1):390-399.

Nguyen NK, Dong NTN, Nguyen HT, Le PH. Lactic acid bacteria: promising supplements for enhancing the biological activities of kombucha. Springerplus. 2015;4.

Gamboa-Gómez CI, González-Laredo RF, Gallegos-Infante JA, et al. Antioxidant and Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Activity of Eucalyptus camaldulensis and Litsea glaucescens Infusions Fermented with Kombucha Consortium. Food Technology and Biotechnology. 2016;54(3):367-374.

Ernst E. Kombucha: a systematic review of the clinical evidence. Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. 2003;10(2):85-87.

L’eau

https://solidarites-sante.gouv.fr/sante-et-environnement/eaux/eau

Verhas M, de la Gueronniere V, Grognet JM, Paternot J, Hermanne A, Van den Winkel P,

Gheldof R, Martin P, Fantino M, Rayssiguier Y. Magnesium bioavailability from mineral water. A study in adult men. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002 May;56(5):442-7.

C Coudray, M Rambeau, C Feillet-Coudray, E Gueux, JC Tressol, A Mazur, Y Rayssiguier. Study of magnesium bioavailability from ten organic and inorganic Mg salts in Mg- depleted rats using a stable isotope approach. Magnesium Research. Volume 18, Numéro 4, 215-23, december 2005.

Morris ME, LeRoy S, Sutton SC. Absorption of magnesium from orally administered magnesium sulfate in man. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 1987;25(5):371-82.

How Much Microplastics Are We Ingesting?: Estimation of the Mass of Microplastics Ingested. https://www.newcastle.edu.au/newsroom/featured/plastic-ingestion-by-people-could-be-equating-to-a-credit-card-a-week/how-much-microplastics-are-we-ingesting-estimation-of-the-mass-of-microplastics-ingested (accessed Dec 19, 2019).

Mason, S. A. Synthétic Polymer Contamination in Bottled Water. Fredonia.edu 2018.

Cox, K. D.; Covernton, G. A.; Davies, H. L.; Dower, J. F.; Juanes, F.; Dudas, S. E. Human Consumption of Microplastics. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2019, 53 (12), 7068–7074.

Dévier, M.-H.; Le Menach, K.; Viglino, L.; Di Gioia, L.; Lachassagne, P.; Budzinski, H. Ultra-Trace Analysis of Hormones, Pharmaceutical Substances, Alkylphenols and Phthalates in Two French Natural Mineral Waters. Science of The Total Environment 2013, 443, 621–632.

Des résidus de pesticides détectés dans les bouteilles d’eau minérale https://reporterre.net/Des-residus-de-pesticides-detectes

Melzer, D.; Rice, N. E.; Lewis, C.; Henley, W. E.; Galloway, T. S. Association of Urinary Bisphenol a Concentration with Heart Disease: Evidence from NHANES 2003/06. PLoS ONE 2010, 5 (1), e8673.

Cox KD, Covernton GA, Davies HL, Dower JF, Juanes F, Dudas SE. Human Consumption of Microplastics. Environ Sci Technol. 2019 Jun 18;53(12):7068-7074.

Loyo-Rosales JE, Rosales-Rivera GC, Lynch AM, Rice CP, Torrents A. Migration of nonylphenol from plastic containers to water and a milk surrogate. J Agric Food Chem. 2004 Apr 7;52(7):2016-20.

Human Exposure to PBDE and Critical Evaluation of Health Hazards. – PubMed – NCBI.

Cuomo R, Sarnelli G, Savarese MF, Buyckx M. Carbonated beverages and gastrointestinal system: between myth and reality. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2009 Dec;19(10):683-9.

Pouderoux P, Friedman N, Shirazi P, Ringelstein JG, Keshavarzian A. Effect of carbonated water on gastric emptying and intragastric meal distribution. Dig Dis Sci. 1997 Jan;42(1):34-9.

Johnson T, Gerson L, Hershcovici T, Stave C, Fass R. Systematic review: the effects of carbonated beverages on gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2010 Mar;31(6):607-14.

Avis de l’Anses relatif à l’Evaluation de l’innocuité et l’efficacité des carafes – 2016 : https://www.anses.fr/fr/content/avis-de-lanses-relatif-%C3%A0-levaluation-de-linnocuit%C3%A9-et-lefficacit%C3%A9-des-carafes-filtrantes

Carafes filtrantes : l’Anses rappelle les règles de bon usage – https://www.anses.fr/fr/content/carafes-filtrantes-l%E2%80%99anses-rappelle-les-r%C3%A8gles-de-bon-usage

CITEO – Les chiffres du recyclage en France : https://www.citeo.com/le-mag/les-chiffres-du-recyclage-en-france/

ADEME – Évaluation environnementale du recyclage en France selon la méthodologie de l’analyse de cycle de vie : https://presse.ademe.fr/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/FEDEREC_ACV-du-Recyclage-en-France-VF.pdf

Article du livre sur les emballages – page 70

Le goûter idéal

Article du livre sur le chocolat – page 140

Article du livre sur le thé – page 84

Article du livre sur les oléagineux – page 150

Article du livre sur les glucides – page 22

Les sodas

IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Some chemicals present in industrial and consumer products, food and drinking-water. IARC Monogr Eval Carcinog Risks Hum. 2013;101:9-549. Review. PubMed PMID: 24772663; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4939416.

Scientific Opinion on the re-evaluation of caramel colours (E 150 a,b,c,d) as food additives. EFSA Journal 2011; 9(3):2004.

Smith TJ, Wolfson JA, Jiao D, Crupain MJ, Rangan U, Sapkota A, Bleich SN, Nachman KE. Caramel color in soft drinks and exposure to 4-methylimidazole: a quantitative risk assessment. PLoS One. 2015 Feb 18;10(2):e0118138.

Gardener, H., Moon, Y. P., Rundek, T., Elkind, M., & Sacco, R. L. (2018). Diet Soda and Sugar-Sweetened Soda Consumption in Relation to Incident Diabetes in the Northern Manhattan Study. Current developments in nutrition, 2(5), nzy008.

Fagherazzi G, Vilier A, Saes Sartorelli D, Lajous M, Balkau B, Clavel-Chapelon F. Consumption of artificially and sugar-sweetened beverages and incident type 2 diabetes in the Etude Epidemiologique aupres des femmes de la Mutuelle Generale de l’Education Nationale-European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013 Jan 30.

Bian X, Chi L, Gao B, Tu P, Ru H, Lu K. The artificial sweetener acesulfame potassium affects the gut microbiome and body weight gain in CD-1 mice. PLoS One. 2017 Jun 8;12(6):e0178426.

Suez J, Korem T, Zeevi D, Zilberman-Schapira G, Thaiss CA, Maza O, Israeli D, Zmora N, Gilad S, Weinberger A, Kuperman Y, Harmelin A, Kolodkin-Gal I, Shapiro H, Halpern Z, Segal E, Elinav E. Artificial sweeteners induce glucose intolerance by altering the gut microbiota. Nature. 2014 Oct 9;514(7521):181-6.

The InterAct consortium. Consumption of sweet beverages and type 2 diabetes incidence in European adults: results from EPIC-InterAct. Diabetologia, 26 avril 2013.

Romaguera D, Norat T, Wark PA, Vergnaud AC, Schulze MB, van Woudenbergh GJ et al. Consumption of sweet beverages and type 2 diabetes incidence in European adults: results from EPIC-InterAct. Diabetologia. 2013 Jul;56(7):1520-30.

Suez J. & al. Artificial sweeteners induce glucose intolerance by altering the gut microbiota. Nature. 2014 Oct 9;514(7521):181-6.

Rodriguez-Palacios Alexander et al., The Artificial Sweetener Splenda Promotes Gut Proteobacteria, Dysbiosis, and Myeloperoxidase Reactivity in Crohn’s Disease–Like Ileitis Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. 2018 Apr 23;24(5):1005-1020.

Suglia SF, Solnick S, Hemenway D. Soft Drinks Consumption Is Associated with Behavior Problems in 5-Year-Olds. J Pediatr. 2013 Aug 19. pii: S0022-3476(13)00736-1.

Les fruits

Article du livre sur les fibres – page 32

Article du livre sur les vitamines – page 36

Article du livre sur les antioxydants – page 42

Flood-Obbagy, J. E.; Rolls, B. J. The Effect of Fruit in Different Forms on Energy Intake and Satiety at a Meal. Appetite 2009, 52 (2), 416–422.

Dagfinn Aune, Edward Giovannucci, Paolo Boffetta, Lars T. Fadnes, NaNa Keum, Teresa Norat, Darren C. Greenwood, Elio Riboli, Lars J. Vatten, Serena Tonstad. Fruit and vegetable intake and the risk of cardiovascular disease, total cancer and all-cause mortality–a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies. International Journal of Epidemiology, 2017; DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyw319

Tavoularis G., Hébel P., «Fruits et légumes : les Français suivent de moins en moins la recommandation», in: Consommations et modes de vies, CREDOC, n°292, ISSN 0295-9976, Juillet 2017

Le chocolat

http://www.sante-et-nutrition.com/chocolat-nutrition/

Katz DL, Doughty K, Ali A. Cocoa and chocolate in human health and disease. Antioxid Redox Signal. 2011;15(10):2779–2811.

https://ciqual.anses.fr/

Martín-Peláez S, Camps-Bossacoma M, Massot-Cladera M, Rigo-Adrover M, Franch À, Pérez-Cano FJ, Castell M. Effect of cocoa’s theobromine on intestinal microbiota of rats. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2017 Oct;61(10).

Magrone T, Russo MA, Jirillo E. Cocoa and Dark Chocolate Polyphenols: From Biology to Clinical Applications. Front Immunol. 2017 Jun 9;8:677.

Nanetti L, Raffaelli F, Tranquilli AL, Fiorini R, Mazzanti L, Vignini A. Effect of consumption of dark chocolate on oxidative stress in lipoproteins and platelets in women and in men. Appetite. 2012 Feb;58(1):400-5.

Rev. Med. Suisse, 2009, 239, 34716.

J. Pharm. Belg., 2002, 57, HS2, 29-34.

Etude SU.VI.MAX (SUpplémentation en VItamines et Minéraux Anti-oXydants), Dr S. Hercberg , 1994 -2003.

https://www.notre-planete.info/actualites/1865-chocolat-environnement-deforestation

http://www.mightyearth.org/wp-content/uploads/MEO_001_Chocolate-Report_french_FOR-WEB.pdf

https://waterfootprint.org/en/

Le sucre

Article du livre sur les glucides – page 22

Article sur le miel – page 100

https://ciqual.anses.fr/

Suez J, Korem T, Zeevi D, et al. Artificial sweeteners induce glucose intolerance by altering the gut microbiota. Nature. 2014;514(7521):181-186.

American Botanical Council. FDA Approves Stevia as a Safe Food Additive, 19 décembre 2008.

Nettleton, Jodi E., Nicole A. Cho, Teja Klancic, Alissa C. Nicolucci, Jane Shearer, Stephanie L. Borgland, Leah A. Johnston, et al. « Maternal Low-Dose Aspartame and Stevia Consumption with an Obesogenic Diet Alters Metabolism, Gut Microbiota and Mesolimbic Reward System in Rat Dams and Their Offspring ». Gut, 28 janvier 2020.

Ma, Jiantao et al. “Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption is associated with abdominal fat partitioning in healthy adults.” The Journal of nutrition vol. 144,8 (2014): 1283-90.

Jung, Suk Hwa et al. “Visceral Fat Mass Has Stronger Associations with Diabetes and Prediabetes than Other Anthropometric Obesity Indicators among Korean Adults.” Yonsei medical journal vol. 57,3 (2016): 674-80.

Després JP. Cardiovascular disease under the influence of excess visceral fat. Crit Pathw Cardiol. 2007;6(2):51-59.

van der Poorten D, Milner KL, Hui J, et al. Visceral fat: a key mediator of steatohepatitis in metabolic liver disease. Hepatology. 2008;48(2):449-457.

Wiss, David A et al. “Sugar Addiction: From Evolution to Revolution.” Frontiers in psychiatry vol. 9 545. 7 Nov. 2018.

Avena, Nicole M et al. “Evidence for sugar addiction: behavioral and neurochemical effects of intermittent, excessive sugar intake.” Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews vol. 32,1 (2008): 20-39.

Westwater, Margaret L et al. “Sugar addiction: the state of the science.” European journal of nutrition vol. 55,Suppl 2 (2016): 55-69.

DiNicolantonio JJ, O’Keefe JH, Wilson WL. Sugar addiction: is it real? A narrative review. Br J Sports Med. 2018;52(14):910-913.

Ahmed SH, Guillem K, Vandaele Y. Sugar addiction: pushing the drug-sugar analogy to the limit. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2013;16(4):434-439.

Jensen, Thomas et al. “Fructose and sugar: A major mediator of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.” Journal of hepatology vol. 68,5 (2018): 1063-1075.

Softic S, Cohen DE, Kahn CR. Role of Dietary Fructose and Hepatic De Novo Lipogenesis in Fatty Liver Disease. Dig Dis Sci. 2016;61(5):1282-1293.

Mai BH, Yan LJ. The negative and detrimental effects of high fructose on the liver, with special reference to metabolic disorders. Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes. 2019;12:821-826. Published 2019 May 27.

Les graines

https://ciqual.anses.fr/

Kulczyński, Bartosz et al. “The Chemical Composition and Nutritional Value of Chia Seeds-Current State of Knowledge.” Nutrients vol. 11,6 1242. 31 May. 2019, doi:10.3390/nu11061242

DGCCRF : https://www.economie.gouv.fr/dgccrf/contamination-par-les-alcaloides-dopium-des-graines-de-pavot-vendues-aux-consommateurs-et

EFSA : http://www.efsa.europa.eu/es/node/978097

Les oléagineux

https://ciqual.anses.fr/

Article du livre sur les lipides – page 28

Hu FB, Stampfer MJ. Nut consumption and risk of coronary heart disease: a review of epidemiologic evidence. Curr Atheroscler Rep 1999 November;1(3):204-9.3.

Lovejoy JC. The impact of nuts on diabetes and diabetes risk. Curr Diab Rep 2005 October;5(5):379-84.4.

Ferrari P, et al. Association of nut and seed intake with colorectal cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition.. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2004 October;13(10):1595-603.

Mattes RD, Tan SY. Appetitive, dietary and health effects of almonds consumed with meals or as snacks: a randomized, controlled trial. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2013 : 1–10.

France 2 – https://www.francetvinfo.fr/monde/inde/inde-les-petites-mains-de-la-noix-de-cajou_3572263.html

EURACTIV – https://www.euractiv.fr/section/aide-au-developpement/news/les-ong-demandent-un-reglement-noix-de-cajou-pour-proteger-les-travailleurs/

Le dîner idéal

Friedman M. Analysis, Nutrition, and Health Benefits of Tryptophan. Int J Tryptophan Res. 2018;11:1178646918802282. Published 2018 Sep 26.

Jenkins TA, Nguyen JC, Polglaze KE, Bertrand PP. Influence of Tryptophan and Serotonin on Mood and Cognition with a Possible Role of the Gut-Brain Axis. Nutrients. 2016;8(1):56. Published 2016 Jan 20.

Troynikov O, Watson CG, Nawaz N. Sleep environments and sleep physiology: A review. J Therm Biol. 2018 Dec;78:192-203.

Article du livre sur les légumes – page 160

Les légumes

Tavoularis G., Hébel P., «Fruits et légumes : les Français suivent de moins en moins la recommandation», in: Consommations et modes de vies, CREDOC, n°292, ISSN 0295-9976, Juillet 2017

Aune et al, Dietary fibre, whole grains, and risk of colorectal cancer: systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies. BMJ 2011.

Ötles et Ozgoz. 2014. « Health effects of dietary fiber ». Acta Sci Pol, Tech Aliment 191-202.

Y. Zhu, W. Ling, H. Guo, F. Song, Q. Ye, T. Zou, D. Li, Y. Zhang, G. Li, Y. Xiao, F. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Shi, Y. Yang. Anti-inflammatory effect of purified dietary anthocyanin in adults with hypercholesterolemia: A randomized controlled trial. Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Available online 17 August 2012, ISSN 0939-4753, 10.1016/j.numecd.2012.06.005.

Les légumineuses

https://ciqual.anses.fr/

Article du livre sur les protéines – page 26

Article du livre sur les fibres – page 32

Urbano G, López-Jurado M, Aranda P, Vidal-Valverde C, Tenorio E, Porres J. The role of phytic acid in legumes: antinutrient or beneficial function?. J Physiol Biochem. 2000;56(3):283-294.

Carbas, Bruna et al. “Nutrients, Antinutrients, Phenolic Composition, and Antioxidant Activity of Common Bean Cultivars and their Potential for Food Applications.” Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland) vol. 9,2 186. 23 Feb. 2020, doi:10.3390/antiox9020186

Les épices, herbes et aromates

Lao CD, Ruffin MT 4th, Normolle D, Heath DD, Murray SI, Bailey JM, Boggs ME, Crowell J, Rock CL, Brenner DE. Dose escalation of a curcuminoid formulation. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2006 M. ar 17;6:10.

Anand P, Kunnumakkara AB, Newman RA, Aggarwal BB. Bioavailability of curcumin: problems and promises. Mol Pharm. 2007 Nov-Dec;4(6):807-18. Epub 2007 Nov 14. Review.

Kocaadam B, Şanlier N. Curcumin, an active component of turmeric (Curcuma longa), and its effects on health. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2017 Sep 2;57(13):2889-2895.

Curcuma longa (turmeric). Monograph. Altern Med Rev. 2001 Sep;6 Suppl:S62-6.

Hewlings SJ, Kalman DS. Curcumin: A Review of Its’ Effects on Human Health. Foods. 2017;6(10):92. Published 2017 Oct 22.

Cheryl Anderson et al. Effects of a behavioral intervention that emphasizes spices and herbs on adherence to recommended sodium intake. Résumé MP37. EPI/NPAM 2014.

Monograph Zingiber officinale (Ginger). Altern Med Rev 2003;8(3):331-5.

Akilen R, Tsiami A, Devendra D, Robinson N ; Glycated haemoglobin and blood pressure-lowering effect of cinnamon in multi-ethnic Type 2 diabetic patients in the UK: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial. Diabet Med. 2010 Oct;27(10):1159-67.

Kawatra P, Rajagopalan R. Cinnamon: Mystic powers of a minute ingredient. Pharmacognosy Res. 2015;7(Suppl 1):S1–S6.

Rao PV, Gan SH. Cinnamon: a multifaceted medicinal plant. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2014;2014:642942.

Cortés-Rojas DF, de Souza CR, Oliveira WP. Clove (Syzygium aromaticum): a precious spice. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed. 2014;4(2):90–96.

Wills ED. Enzyme inhibition by allicin, the active principle of garlic. Biochem J. 1956;63(3):514-520.

Nishino H, Iwashima A, Itakura Y, Matsuura H, Fuwa T. Antitumor-promoting activity of garlic extracts. Oncology. 1989;46(4):277-280.

Amagase H, Milner J. Impact of various sources of garlic and their constituents on 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene binding to mammary cell DNA. Carcinogenesis. 1993;14:1627-1631.

Salehi B, Mishra AP, Shukla I, Sharifi-Rad M, Contreras MDM, Segura-Carretero A, Fathi H, Nasrabadi NN, Kobarfard F, Sharifi-Rad J. Thymol, thyme, and other plant sources: Health and potential uses. Phytother Res. 2018 Sep;32(9):1688-1706.

Lorenzo JM, Mousavi Khaneghah A, Gavahian M, Marszałek K, Eş I, Munekata PES, Ferreira ICFR, Barba FJ. Understanding the potential benefits of thyme and its derived products for food industry and consumer health: From extraction of value-added compounds to the evaluation of bioaccessibility, bioavailability, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial activities. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2019;59(18):2879-2895.

Xu D, Hu MJ, Wang YQ, Cui YL. Antioxidant Activities of Quercetin and Its Complexes for Medicinal Application. Molecules. 2019 Mar 21;24(6).

Suleria HA, Butt MS, Anjum FM, Saeed F, Khalid N. Onion: nature protection against physiological threats. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2015;55(1):50-66.

de Oliveira JR, Camargo SEA, de Oliveira LD. Rosmarinus officinalis L. (rosemary) as therapeutic and prophylactic agent. J Biomed Sci. 2019 Jan 9;26(1):5.

Nieto G, Ros G, Castillo J. Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Properties of Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis, L.): A Review. Medicines (Basel). 2018 Sep 4;5(3).

Jamshidi N, Cohen MM. The Clinical Efficacy and Safety of Tulsi in Humans: A Systematic Review of the Literature. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2017;2017:9217567.

Sestili P, Ismail T, Calcabrini C, Guescini M, Catanzaro E, Turrini E, Layla A, Akhtar S, Fimognari C. The potential effects of Ocimum basilicum on health: a review of pharmacological and toxicological studies. Expert Opin Drug Metab Toxicol. 2018 Jul;14(7):679-692.

Bang JS, Oh DH, Choi HM, Sur BJ, Lim SJ, Kim JY, Yang HI, Yoo MC, Hahm DH, Kim KS. Anti-inflammatory and antiarthritic effects of piperine in human interleukin 1beta-stimulated fibroblast-like synoviocytes and in rat arthritis models. Arthritis Res Ther. 2009;11(2):R49.

Shoba G, Joy D, Joseph T, Majeed M, Rajendran R, Srinivas PS. Influence of piperine on the pharmacokinetics of curcumin in animals and human volunteers. Planta Med. 1998 May;64(4):353-6.

Khajuria A, Thusu N, Zutshi U. Piperine modulates permeability characteristics of intestine by inducing alterations in membrane dynamics: influence on brush border membrane fluidity, ultrastructure and enzyme kinetics. Phytomedicine. 2002 Apr;9(3):224-31.

Singh J, Dubey RK, Atal CK. Piperine-mediated inhibition of glucuronidation activity in isolated epithelial cells of the guinea-pig small intestine: evidence that piperine lowers the endogeneous UDP-glucuronic acid content. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1986 Feb;236(2):488-93.

Le sel

OMS – Réduire la consommation de sel : https://www.who.int/fr/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/salt-reduction

Nouvelles orientations de l’OMS sur le sel et le potassium dans l’alimentation : https://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/notes/2013/salt_potassium_20130131/fr/

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